3D跨度走势图

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​突厥:第一个创制文字的漠北民族

发布时间:2020-01-06 作者:《中国民族教育》杂志 来源:欧燕

GONGYUAN6ZHI8SHIJI,WOGUOBEIFANGHUOYUEZHEYIGEQIANGHANDEMINZU,TAMENCHICHENGZAIGUANGMAODEMOBEICAOYUAN,BUDUANNANXIAWEIXIEZHEZHONGYUANWANGCHAO。

3D跨度走势图ZHEIGEMINZU,JIUSHITUJUE。TAMENSUOJIANLIDEZHENGQUANCHENGWEITUJUEHANGUO。TUJUECHUANGZHILEZIJIDEWENZI,DUIBEIFANGMINZUYINGXIANGJIDA。RANER,SUIZHESHIJIANDETUIYI,ZHEIGEQIANGSHENGYISHIDEMINZUHEGUOJIAYANXIAOYUNSAN。

TUJUERENYUANZIHECHU,YOUZUIZHONGQULENALINI?RANGWOMENYITANJIUJING。

突厥起源

3D跨度走势图LANGZUDECHUANSHUO。CHUANSHUOTUJUESHILANGDEHOUDAI。《ZHOUSHU•TUJUECHUAN》JIZAILELIANGGECHUANSHUO:YIGECHUANSHUOTICHUTUJUESHIXIONGNUDEBIEZHONG,XINGASHINEISHI,ZICHENGBULUO。HOULAI,BULUOBEILINGUOSUOPO,BUZUBEIMIE,ZHISHENGXIAYIGE10SUIDEXIAONANHAI。DIBINGKANXIAONANHAINIANJIXIAO,BURENSHATA,ZHIKANXIATADEJIAO,JIANGTADIUQIZAICAOZEZHONG。XIAONANHAIBEIYIZHIMULANGSUOJIU,ZHANGDAHOUYUZHIJIEHE。DUONIANHOU,LINGUODEWANGTINGSHUODANGCHUNEIGEXIAONANHAIHAIHUOZHE,YOUPAIRENQUSHATA。PAIQUDERENKANDAOLANGZAITAPANGBIAN,XIANGBATAHELANGYIQISHADIAO。LANGTAODAOGAOCHANGGUOBEISHANDEYIGEDONGXUELIZANGNIQILAI,BINGSHENGXIALE10GENANHAI。ZHEI10GENANHAIZHANGDAQUQISHENGZIHOU,GEYONGYIXING,ASHINEISHIQIZHONGYIXING。HOULAI,ZISUNFANYANDAOSHUBAIJIA。LINGWAIYIGECHUANSHUODEQINGJIESHAOYOUBUTONG,SHUODESHITUJUEDEZUXIANCHUYUSUOGUO,JUZHUZAIXIONGNUDEBEIBIAN。BULUOSHOULINGCHENGWEIABANGBU,YOUXIONGDI17REN。QIZHONGYIGEJIAOYIZHINISHIDOU,SHILANGSUOSHENG,YOUTEYIDECAINENG,KEYIZHENGZHAOFENGYU。YIZHINISHIDOUQULELIANGGEQIZI,FENBIESHIXIASHENHEDONGSHENDENVER,SHENGXIA4GENANHAI。DAERZINEDOULIUJUZHUZAIJIANSICHUZHESHISHAN,SHANSHANGHAIYOUABANGBUDEZUREN,ZHONGRENGONGTUIJUDAERZIWEISHOULING,HAOWEITUJUE。NEDOULIUYOU10GEQIZI,TAMENSUOSHENGDEERZIDOUYIMUZUWEIXING,ASHINEISHIXIAOQIZIDEERZI。NEDOULIUSIHOU,ZHONGRENXIANGZAIZHEI10GEQIZISUOSHENGDEHAIZIZHONGLIYIGEWEISHOULING,YUSHIYIQIDAODASHUXIAHUXIANGYUEDING:XIANGZHESHUTIAOYUE,SHEITIAODEGAOJIULISHEI。ASHINEINIANJIZUIXIAODANTIAODEZUIGAO,YUSHIQITAERZIBIANGONGTONGFENGTAWEISHOULING,HAOCHENGAXIANSHE。ZHEILIANGGECHUANSHUOZAIXIJIESHANGSUIBUJINXIANGTONG,DANDOUSHUOMINGTUJUEYULANGYOUZHEMIQIEDEGUANXI。TUJUESHIYIGEYILANGWEITUTENGDEMINZU,TUJUEKEHANDEQIDAOSHANGHUIYOUJINLANGTOU,BIANSHIYINWEI“GAIBENLANGSHENG,ZHIBUWANGJIU”。

TUJUEDEZUYUAN。TUJUEYICIZUIZAOCHUXIANYU《ZHOUSHU•YUWENCECHUAN》:“(XIWEIWENDIDATONG)BANIAN(542NIAN)……MEISUIHEBINGHE,TUJUEJILAIKOULVE。”《ZHOUSHU•TUJUECHUAN》LIJIESHITUJUEYICIDEYISI:YINTUJUERENJUYUJINSHANZHIYANG,JINSHANXINGZHUANGSIDOUMOU(BIANZHEZHU:DOUMOU,GUDAIZHANSHIDAIDETOUKUI),QISUCHENGDOUMOUWEI“TUJUE”,BIANYICIWEIHAO。JINDAIDEYANJIURENWEI,TUJUESHIDINGLING、CHILE、TIELEDEZHUANYIN。YUYANXUEJIAZERENWEI,TUJUEYOUQIANGLI、GANGYIDEYISI。

ZAITUJUEHUOYUEDESUITANGSHIDAI,RENMENDUIQILAIYUANBIANBUSHIHENQINGCHU。YINCI,TANGCHUSUOBIANDEJIBUSHISHUYOUGUANTUJUEDEJIZAIJIUBUYIZHI。《BEISHI》RENWEI:“TUJUEZHE,QIXIANJUYUXIHAIZHIYOU,DUWEIBULUO,GAIXIONGNUZHIBIEZHONGYE,XINGASHINEISHI。”《ZHOUSHU》ZESHUO:“TUJUEZHIXIAN,CHUYUSUOGUO,ZAIXIONGNUZHIBEI,QIBULUODARENYUEABANGBU……ASHINEIZINIANYOU,ERTIAOZUIGAO,ZHUZISUIGONGFENGWEIZHU,HAOAXIANSHE。”《SUISHU》TICHU:“TUJUEZHIXIAN,PINGLIANGZAHUYE,XINGASHINEISHI。”SUIRANSHISHUSHANGDEJIZAIBUTONG,DANYOUYIGEGONGTONGDIAN,NEIJIUSHI——TUJUEDEHEXINBUFENSHIASHINEISHI。SHIJISHANG,GESHUSUOFANYINGDEDOUSHITUJUEXIANZUZAIBUTONGSHIQIDEQIANXIHUODONG。

JIEHEZHUSHUYOUGUANTUJUECHUANSHUODEJIZAI,YIJIJINSHIZAIEERHUNHEPANFAXIANDE《QUETEQINBEI》HE《PIJIAKEHANBEI》GUTUJUEWENSHANGYOU“JIUXINGWUGUSIZHE,WUZHITONGZUYE”DEJISHU(“JIUXINGWUGUSI”ZHI“JIUXINGTIELE”),KEYIPANDUANTUJUESHITIELEDEYIZHI。QIXIANZUZUICHUHUODONGYUYENISAIHESHANGYOU,BULUOCENGZAODAOMIEWANG。YIXIADEYIZHISHIHOULAITUJUEDEHEXINZHONGXINGASHINEISHIDEZUXIAN,TAODAOGAOCHANGGUODEBEISHAN,JIJINTIANDETIANSHANZHUFENGBOGEDASHAN。NEILISHIGEFANGYUANSHUBAILI、SIMIANJUSHAN、SHUICAOFENGMAODEPINGRANG,ASHINEISHIDEZISUNYUDANGDISHENGXIFANYAN,RENKOUZENGDUO,“JIANZHISHUBAIJIA”。YOUCI,TUJUEZUKAISHIXINGCHENG。

突厥汗国

ROURANDUANNU。TUJUERENZAIGAOCHANGGUODEBEISHANSHENGHUOLEJIGESHIDAIHOU,“XIANGYUCHUXUE,CHENYURURU,JUJINSHANZHIYANG,WEIRURUTIEGONG”。HOULAI,TUJUERENQIANDAOJINSHAN(JIJINAERTAISHAN),SHIWEIROURANSUOPO。

3D跨度走势图GONGYUAN5SHIJI,GAOCHANGJUQUZHENGQUANBEIROURANMIEWANG,JUYUGAOCHANGBEISHANDETUJUEBEIBOJI,CHENGWEIROURANDEFULUBEIQIANZHIJINSHAN,WEIROURANSUOYISHU。TUJUEYINSHANYUYETIE,BEICHENGWEIDUANNU,CHENGWEIZHUANWEIROURANTIGONGYEZHUTIEZHISHOUGONGCHANPINDEBULUO。QIANDAOJINSHANHOU,TUJUEDEDAOHENDAFAZHAN,ZHIDAYEHUSHIDAI,SHILIZHUJIANZENGQIANG。6SHIJICHU,ROURANYINYUGAOCHEZHIJIANFASHENGZHANZHENG,SHILIYOUCIXIAJIANG,TUJUECHENJITUOLIROURANDEKONGZHI,SHILIFAZHANDAOHETAOYIBEIDEMENGGUGAOYUAN。

HANGUODEJIANLI。JIANLITUJUEHANGUODESHIASHINEITUMEN,ZHEIGEMINGZIZAITUJUEYUZHONGSHI“WANRENZHANG”ZHIYI。GONGYUAN546NIAN,TUMENJIPOBINGSHOUJIANGLE5WANTIELEBUZHONG,SHILIMENGRANZENGQIANG,KAISHIXUNQIUYUROURANPINGDENGDEDIWEI。TUMENPAISHIZHEXIANGROURANKEHANANEIGUIQIUQUGONGZHU,QUEZAODAOANEIGUIDEXIURU:“ERSHIWODUANNU,HEGANFASHIYANYE。”SHOUDAOXIURUDETUMENFENNUZHIXIAZHUANERQIUHUNYUZHONGYUANXIWEIZHENGQUAN。ZAIXIWEIDEZHICHIXIA,GONGYUAN552NIAN,TUMENLVBUJIBAIROURAN,JIANLIHANGUO。“TUJUETUMENZIHAOYILIKEHAN,QIQIWEI‘KEHEDUN’。”《QUETEQINBEI》CHENGTUMENWEI“BUMINKEHAN”。

DAOQIERZIMUGANKEHANSHI,TUJUEJIMIEROURAN,XIPOYIDA,DONGZOUQIDAN,TONGYILEMOBEI。TONGZHIZHONGXINSHEZAIMOBEI,“KEHANHENGCHUYUDOUJINSHAN,YAZHANGDONGKAI,GAIJINGRIZHISUOCHUYE”。DOUJINSHANJIXIANZAIDEMENGGUHANGAISHANMAI。DANGSHI,TUJUEDEJIANGYUDONGZILIAOHAIYIXI,XIZHIXIHAIWANLI,NANZISHAMOYIBEI,BEIZHIBEIHAIWU、LIUQIANLI。《QUETEQINBEI》CHENGSONGYUE:“RENLEIZISUNZHISHANG,WOZUZONGTUMENKEHANJISHIDIANMIKEHANSHIWEIZHIZHANG。JIWEIZHIZHANG,JIYUTUJUERENMINZHIDINGTONGZHIGUOJIADEZHIDU……WUZUZONGJIESHENGXIANKEHAN、YINGWUKEHAN。”KEXI,ZHEIZHONGRONGYAOWEICHIDESHIJIANBINGBUZHANG,DAOSHABOLVEKEHANSHI,XINGCHENGWUKEHANFENLIJUMIAN,ZUIZHONGZAISUICHAO“YUANJIAOJINGONG,LIQIANGHERUO”ZHENGCEDEFENHUAWAJIEXIA,TUJUEFENLIEWEIDONGXITUJUE。

DONGTUJUEHANGUO。ZAITUJUENEIBUDOUZHENGZHONG,DONGTUJUEDETULIKEHANBINGBAIHOUZHISHENNANTOUSUICHAO,BEIFENGWEIQIMINKEHAN,HAIQUZONGSHINVYICHENGGONGZHUWEIQI。ZAISUICHAODEFUCHIXIA,DAOQIMINKEHANDEERZISHIBIKEHANSHI,DONGTUJUESHILIRIJIANQIANGDA,KONGXIANZHISHIBAIYUWAN,KAISHIYUSUICHAOJUELIE。SUIMO,BEIFANGDEGEJUSHILIDOUCENGXIANGJIETUJUEDELILIANGYIZHULUZHONGYUAN。LIYUANQIBINGTAIYUAN,YECENGPAIRENYUTUJUEJIEHAO。TANGCHAOJIANLIZHICHU,TUJUEJIELIKEHANLVBINGZHILITANGZHANGANJIN20GONGLIDEWEISHUIBIANQIAOBEI。TANGTAIZONGZHIWEISHUIYUJIELIGEHEERTAN,HOUZHANBAIMAYUJIELIKEHANMENGYUBIANQIAO,TUJUEJUNCAITUIZOU。CIHOU,DONGTUJUEYOUXIANRUFENLIE。GONGYUAN629NIAN,TANGCHAOCHENJIPAILIJINGDENGRENLVDAJUNZHENGTAO,DABAITUJUE,YUSHESHE、YINNAITEQINDENGLVBUTOUJIANGTANGCHAO,JIELIKEHANBEIQINHUIZHANGAN,DONGTUJUEHANGUOMIEWANG。TANGTAIZONGJIANGTOUJIANGTANGCHAODETUJUEBUZHONGANZHIZAIXIQILINGZHOU(NINGXIALINGWU)DONGDAOYOUZHOU(JINBEIJING)DEDIYUZHIJIAN,SHESHUN、YOU、HUA、ZHANGSIGEDOUDUFU。TOUJIANGDETUJUEQIUZHANGBEISHOUYUJIANGJUN、ZHONGLANGJIANG,GUANWEIWUPINYISHANGDEYOUYIBAIDUOREN,“DAIYUCHAOSHIXIANGBAN”,QIANJUZHANGANDETUJUERENYOU1WANHU。TANGYONGHUIYUANNIAN(GONGYUAN650NIAN),TANGJUNJIMIEJINSHANDONGBEIDETUJUECHEBIKEHANASHINEIHUBO,ZHIHANHAIDOUHUFU。

3D跨度走势图YOUYUTANGZHENGFUDUITUJUESHIXING“QUANQIBULUO,SHUNQITUSU”ZHENGCE,GONGYUAN7SHIJIMOZHI8SHIJIQIANQI,TUJUEZAICIFUXING,MOCHUOZHONGXINJIANLIHANGUO。GONGYUAN745NIAN,HUIHEHUAIRENKEHANSHATUJUEBAIMEIKEHAN,TUJUEHANGUOMIEWANG。

3D跨度走势图XITUJUEHANGUO。XITUJUEDEXINGQIKESUZHITUMENMIEROURANHOU,QIDISHIDIANMIHETASUOLVDESHIXINGBULUODAGAI10WANRENLIUJUXIYU,FENBUZAISUIYEHE(BIANZHEZHU:SUIYEHE,YOUMINGCHUHE,HEGUWEIYUJINJIERJISISITANJINGNEI)YIDAI。GONGYUAN567NIAN,SHIDIANMIYUBOSILIANHE,MIEWANGLECENGCHENGBAZHONGYADEYANDA,ZHONGYAGEXIAOGUOFENFENGUIFUYUXITUJUE。SHIDIANMIZAISHISHI,XITUJUEZAIMINGYISHANGRENGYUDONGTUJUEWEICHITONGYI。ZHIQIERZIDATOUKEHANSHI,ZUIZHONGTUOLIDONGTUJUE,YUQICHENGWEIDIDUIFANG。XITUJUEDINGSHENGSHIQISHITONGYEHUKEHANSHIQI,TA“YONGERYOUMOU,ZHANZHESHENG”,KONGXIANZHISHISHUSHIWAN,CHENGXIONGXIYU。TONGZHIFANWEIDONGZHITUJUEGUO,XIZHILEIZHUHAI(JINLIHAI,HUOSHUOXIANHAI),NANZHISHULE(JINXINJIANGKASHEN),BEIZHIHANHAI。XITUJUECENGXIANGTANGCHAOQIANSHITONGHE,BINGQINGHEQIN,TANGSUIYINGYUNDANYINSHOUDONGTUJUEZHIZUZUIZHONGWEIGUO。

TONGYEHUKEHANZHIHOU,XITUJUENEIBUCHUXIANHANWEIFENZHENGERSHUAILUO。GONGYUAN639NIAN,JIZHENGUANSHISANNIAN,XITUJUEFENWEILIANGBUFEN,HOUYOUFENBIECHENGWEINANTINGHEBEITING。NANTINGDEDAOTANGCHAODEZHICHI,ZAIGONGYUAN647NIANJIBAIBEITINGDUOLUKEHANYUTUHUOLUO。HOULAI,BEITINGDUOLUBUDEHELUYIDUTONGYIXITUJUE,DANZAIYUTANGCHAODEZHANZHENGZHONGBINGBAI,TAOWANGSHIGUO。GONGYUAN657NIAN,HELUBEISHIGUORENZHIXIANYUTANG。TANGCHAOZAIXITUJUESHEZHIJIMIZHOU,XITUJUEMIEWANG。

文字与习俗

TUJUEWENZI。TUJUESHIMENGGUCAOYUANMINZUZHONGZUIZAOYONGYOUZIJIWENZIDEMINZU,DAGAIYUGONGYUAN5SHIJISHIJIUCHUANGZAOLEZIJIDEWENZI。《ZHOUSHU•TUJUECHUAN》ZAI:“QISHUZILEIHU。”RANER,TUJUEWENDEZHENZHENGBEIRENSHISHIJINDAIDESHIQING。1889NIAN,EGUORENYADELINCAIFUZAIEERHUNHEHESHUOCHAIDAHUPANFAXIANLE《QUETEQINBEI》HE《PIJIAKEHANBEI》。ZHEILIANGBEIZAI《TANGSHU•TUJUECHUAN》YOUJIZAI,JUWEITANGXUANZONGPAIRENBANGZHUTUJUERENSUOLI。

MUQIAN,YIJINGFAXIANDETUJUEWENBEIYOUERSHIDUOKUAI,SHIYANJIUTUJUESHIDEZHONGYAOSHILIAO。TUJUEWENYUGUDAIRIERMANDELUNIWENJINSI,ZIMULAIYUANSHIALAMIWENDECAOTIZIMU。YINQIFAXIANYUEERHUNHELIUYU,YOUBEICHENGWEIEERHUNLUNIWEN。

3D跨度走势图TUJUERENYONGYOUZIJIDEWENZI,DANKENENGJINXIANYUSHANGCENGSHAOSHUREN,YIBANDEBUZHONGBINGMEIYOUSHIYONG。BEIMINGHAIFANYINGCHUTUJUEYIDONGWUMINGCHENGJINIAN,RU“ZHENFUKEHANGOUNIANBENG、ZHUNIANZANG”。

SHENGHUOXISU。TUJUESHISHENGHUOZAIMOBEICAOYUANDEYOUMUMINZU,SHENGHUOXISUSHENSHOUHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG,JUYOUYIBANYOUMUMINZUDETEDIAN。《SUISHU•TUJUECHUAN》ZAI:“CHUMUWEISHI,SUIZHUSHUICAO,BUHENGJUECHU。QIONGLUDIEZHANG,BEIFAZUOREN,SHIROUYINLAO,SHENYIQIUHE。”SHENGHUOZAICAOYUANSHANG,TUJUERENSUOCHUYANGDEMANIUYANGCHENGWEITAMENSHIWUHEYIFUDEYUANLIAO。YOUSHI,SHOULIEDEYEWUYESHITAMENDESHIWU。《TUNYUGUBEI》JIZAI,TUJUEREN“CHIYESHANYANGHETUZI”。《PIJIAKEHANBEI》ZEJIZAI,TANGCHAOCENGJIYUTUJUERENDALIANGDELIANGSHI,SHUOMINGTUJUERENCHULEROUSHIWAIYEYOULIANGSHI。TUJUERENXIHUANHEJIU,WANGWANGBANYOUHUANHUGECHANG。“YINMALAOQUZUI,GEHUXIANGDUI”,QIZHONGDE“MALAO”ZHIDESHIMANAIJIU。《XITUJUESHILIAO》LITIDAO,“KEHANYINZHIYIJIU,JIUFEIPUTAOSUONIANG,SIWEIMARUSUOZHI”。JU《TONGDIAN•TUJUECHUAN》ZAI,TUJUERENYONGYISHENGJIUDEQIWUCHENGWEI“DALUOBIAN”,XINGZHUANGLEIJIAOERCUDUAN。

3D跨度走势图HUNSANGXISU。TUJUERENXUANZEPEIOUDECHANGSUOFEICHANGQITE,WANGWANGSHIZAISIZHEXIAZANGDEDIFANG。《BEISHI•TUJUECHUAN》JIZAI,MEIDAOSIZHEXIAZANGDENEITIAN,TUJUENIANQINGNANNVDOUDABANDEFEICHANGPIAOLIANG,HUIJUYUXIAZANGDEDIFANG。RUGUONANQINGNIANKANDAOZIJIXIHUANDENVHAI,HUIJIAJIPAIRENDAONVFANGJIAQIUHUN,NVFANGFUMUYIBANYEBUHUIJUJUE。ZHEIZHONGTEBIEDEXISUKENENGYUTUJUERENDESHENGHUOTEDIANYOUGUAN,TUJUESHIYOUMUMINZU,JUWUDINGSUO,LIUDONGXINGHEFENSANXINGHENQIANG,PINGCHANGXIANGJUBUYI。SIZHEXIAZANGSHI,SUOYOUQINPENGHUIJUYIQI,ZHENGWEIQINGNIANNANNVWUSEDUIXIANGTIGONGLECHANGSUOHEJIHUI。

TUJUERENDUISANGZANGLIYIFEICHANGZHONGSHI。RENSIHOU,BASHITITINGFANGZAIQIONGZHANG,ZISUNHEQINSHUDOUYAOGEZITUZAIYANGMACHENLIEZAIZHANGQIAN,JIPINZHONGYIMAWEIZUISHANGDENG。TUJUERENDEKUJIZUIJUTESE,SHISANGLIDEZHUYAONEIRONG。KUJIDERENRAOZHANGYIQUANDAOZHANGMENYIDAOLIMIAN,FANGSHENGHAOKU,XUELEIJUXIA,“RUSHIZHEQIDUNAIZHI”。LIMIANBAOKUOHUAMIAN、GESHANGERDUO、JIANTOUFADENGNEIRONG。JU《QUETEQINBEI》HE《PIJIAKEHANBEI》JIZAI,LAIFUSANGDERENBUGUANSHIQINSHUHUOSHIQITAREN,DOUYAOANTUJUEFENGSUXIANJIPINJILIMIAN。KUJIZHIHOU,TONGGUOZHANBUQUEDINGYIGEJILIDERIZIJINXINGHUOHUA。HUOHUASHIBASHITIYIJISIZHESHENGQIANSUOYONGDEQIWUHESUOCHENGMAPIYIQIFENSHAO,RANHOUBAYUHUISHOUJIQILAI。YONGSHENMEQIMINSHENGFANGGUHUI,SHISHUWUZAI,NANYIKAOZHENG,YIFAJUEDETUJUERENSHIGUANMUYEMEIYOUFAXIANSHENGZHUANGGUHUIDEQIMIN。DANYOUXUEZHERENWEI,TUJUERENYOUYIZHONGQIONGLUSHIGUHUIWENG,ZHISHIMEIYOUPUJI。SHITIHUOHUAHOUBINGFEIMASHANGXIAZANG,ERSHIYAODENGDAIYIDUANSHIJIAN,YIBANSHIBANNIAN。CHUNXIASIDE,YAODENGDAOQIUDONGCAOMUHUANGLUO;QIUDONGSIDE,YAODENGDAODIERNIANCHUNXIAHUAYERONGMAO。RUQUETEQINKAIYUANSHIJIUNIANSANYUEZU,YAODAOJIUYUEERSHIQIRICAIJUXINGZANGLI;PIJIAKEHANGOUNIANSHIYUEERSHILIUSI,YAODAOZHUNIANWUYUEERSHIQIRIJUXINGZANGLI。TUJUERENYIBANZANGZAIJIAZUHUOJIATINGMUDI,XIAZANGZHIRI,YAOJUXINGLONGZHONGDEYISHI,BASHENGCHUDENGJIPINBAIZAIMUGUANQIAN,QINSHUZAICIZOUMARAOMUDIHAOKU、LIMIAN,YIRUCHUSIZHIYI。ZHISHIRUZANGSHIDECHANGMIANYAOBICHUSIKUJILONGZHONGDEDUO,CANJIADERENSHUYEGENGDUO。XIAZANGHOU,ZAIMUQIANLISHISHUBIAO,BIAOSHANGHUAYOUSIZHEDERONGMAOHETASHENGQIANZUOZHANDEZHANZHENZHIZHUANG,BINGYIYANGMATOUZUOWEIJIPINXUANGUAZAIBIAOSHANG。RUGUOSIZHEZUOZHANSHICENGSHAYIREN,JIUHUIZAIMUQIANLIYIKUAISHITOU,SHARENYUEDUO,LIDESHITOUJIUYUEDUO,YOUDESHENZHIYOUQIANBAIKUAISHITOU。ZHEIXIESHARENSHIZHIJINRENGCHULIZAICAOYUANSHANG,SIHUZAISHUSHUOZHEYONGSHIMENDANGNIANDEZHANJI。YOUXIESHANGCENGGUIZUHAIHUIZAOSHIXIANGLIZAISIZHEMUQIAN,YIBANDONGXIANGLI。ZISHIWEIZUOSHOUZHIBEI,YOUSHOUANDAOXIEXIA。KAOGUFAJUECHUDETUJUEMU,WANGWANGYOUHENGAODESHIZHUWEIRAO,RUXINJIANGALETAIDIQUKEERMUQIAOMUQUN13HAOMU,BIANYOUYISHIXIANG,ZUOCEYOUYIGENSHIZHU,SHIZHUSHANGBUZAOYOUAOCAO,XIANRANSHIYONGLAIXUANGUADONGXIDE。

TUJUEDEXIAOSHIJIHOUYI

DONGTUJUEMIEWANGHOU,YOU10DUOWANRENNANXIAGUIJIANGTANGCHAO,QIYUBUZHONGYOUDEYIFUXUEYANTUOHANGUO,YOUDEXIRUXIYU。

GUIJIANGTANGCHAODETUJUERENCENGCANJIAANSHIZHILUAN。《ZIZHITONGJIAN》JIZAI:“ASHINEICONGLISHUOYOUJIUXINGHU、LIUZHOUHUZHUHUSHUWANZHONG,JUYUJINGLVEJUNBEI,JIANGKOUSHUOFANG。”WUDAISHIQI,TUJUERENRENGJIANYUSHIZAI,DANBEICHENGWEI“XIAOFAN”。《LIAOSHI》ZAI:“QIUQIYUERENSHEN,QINZHENGTUJUE、TUHUN、DANGXIANGXIAOFAN、SHATUOZHUBU。”DANGSHI,TUJUESHOULINGYIGAIWEIHANXING。(HOUTANG)MINGZONGTIANCHENGERNIANZHENGYUE,TUJUESHOULINGZHANGMUJINRUCHAONAGONG。SONGCHU,TUJUEHUODONGRENGJIANYUSHIZAI。《XUZIZHITONGJIANZHANGBIAN》ZAI:“KAIBAOSINIAN(GONGYUAN971NIAN),FENGZHOUYANYUANYOUTUHUN、TUJUENEIFU。”CIHOU,TUJUEBUZAICHUXIANYUSHIJI。WENXIANJIZAICHANGBATUJUEHETUHUNXIANGLIAN,KENENGLIANGZHELIANXIJIAOWEIMIQIE,ZUIZHONGHUXIANGRONGHELE。CONGTUJUESHOULINGWEIHANXINGKAN,KENENGYEYOUBUFENRONGRULEHANZU。

XIQIANDETUJUEZAISONGDAIWENXIANRENGYOUJIZAI。SONGWANGYANDE《GAOCHANGXINGJI》TIDAO,GAOCHANGWANG“SUOTONGYOUNANTUJUE、BEITUJUE”。《LIAOSHI》YEZAI,LIAOSHENGZONGTONGHEYUANNIAN(GONGYUAN983NIAN),“XINANLUZHAOTAOQINGYIBINGTAOXITUJUEZHUBU”。CIHOU,ZHONGGUOHANWENSHIJIZHONGBUZAIYOUGUANYUZHEIZHITUJUEDEJIZAI。

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