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山西大学:“精研苦学”传薪火

9h338.com 2015年09月19日  来源:中国教育新闻网—中国教育报

  ZAIFENGHUOLIANTIANDEKANGZHANSUIYUE,SHANXIDAXUEDEFAZHANYUGUOJIADEMINGYUNXIXIXIANGGUAN,SUIPIAOBOBUDING,LIJINGMONAN,DANSHISHENGJIANKUFENDOU,XIANGEBUCHUO,BANIANSHIGUANGDUIYUSHANXIDAXUEZHEISUOBAISHINIANLAOXIAOLAISHUOKANSIBUZHANG,DANZHANHUOFENFEIZHONGCHUILIANDE“JINGYANKUXUE”XIAOFENGQUEMIJIUCHANGXIN,ZAIHUANGTUGAOYUANSHANGZOUXIANGLEYIQUFUXINGMINZUWENHUADELEZHANG。

  三原复课 薪火相传

  1937NIAN7YUE7RI“LUGOUQIAOSHIBIAN”HOU,KANGRIZHANZHENGQUANMIANBAOFA。8YUECHU,RIBENQINLVEZHEBUDUANXIJITONGPULUBEIDUANJISHENGCHENGTAIYUAN,SHANXISHENGZHENGFUMINGLINGSHANXIDAXUEJISHENGCHENGGEDAZHUANXUEXIAOQIANWANGJINNAN。SHANXIDAXUESUOSHUFAXUEYUANQIANPINGYAO,WENXUEYUANQIANYUNCHENG,XIAOBUJILIGONGLIANGYUANQIANLINFEN。

  YINZHANSHICHIJIN,ZHI9YUEZHONGXUNGEYUANXISUILUXUKAIXUESHANGKE,DANDAOXIAOXUESHENGSHANGBUZUBANSHU。11YUE8RI,TAIYUANLUNXIAN,SHENGZHENGFUXIALINGDAZHUANYUANXIAOZANSHITINGBAN,SUOYOUWENSHU、TUSHU、YIQIDENGYIJIAODANGDIZHENGFUBAOGUAN。1938NIANCHUN,JINNANGEXIANXIANGJILUNXIAN,WENJIANTUSHUYIQIYISHIYIKONG,QUANXIAOSHISHENGSHUBAIRENLIUSANSIFANG。

  ZHICIYIYOU35NIANLISHIDESHANXIDAXUEZAIQINLVEZHEPAOHUODEXIJIXIABEIPOTINGBAN。

  1902NIANCHUANGBANDESHANXIDAXUE,DAOKANGRIZHANZHENGQIANYIJINGSHIYISUOHENYOUSHILIDEZONGHEXINGDAXUE。JU1936NIAN11YUETONGGUODE《XIUZHENGSHANXIDAXUEZUZHIDAGANG》ZAI:CISHIBENXIAOSHEWENXUEYUAN、LIXUEYUAN、FAXUEYUAN、JIAOYUXUEYUAN、GONGXUEYUAN,GONGJIWUYUANSHISIXI。

  KANGZHANQIANJIAOYUBUDUXUEZAISHICHASHANXIJIAOYUHOUDEBAOGAOZHONGCHENG:“GAIXIAOLISHIYOUJIU,RENCAIBEICHU,LIJIEBIYESHENGZHIZAIBENSHENGGEFANGMIANRENSHIZHE,CHENGJIPOYOUKEGUAN”。“GEKEJIAOYUANZHIZIWANGXUESHI,DADOUJUNYOUZUQU”。[1]

  SHISHISHANG,1939NIANNIANDI,SHANXIDAXUETINGBANLIANGNIANHOUZAISHANXISANYUANFUKE,QIZHONGJINGGUOLEPODUOZHOUZHE。

  XIANSHI1939NIANCHUXIA,SHIRENERZHANQUZHANGGUANBUZHENGZHIBUZHURENDELIANGHUAZHIQIANQUZHONGQINGCHUCHA,DEZHIQIANSHANDAGONGXUEYUANYUANZHANGWANGXIAN、JIAOSHOUCHANGKEXUN、LANXIKUIDENGXIANGXINGZHENGYUANYUANZHANGKONGXIANGXITICHUHUIFUSHANXIDAXUEDEJIANYIBINGDEDAOZANTONG。LIANGHUAZHIJIANGCIXIAOXILIJIDIANGAOYANXISHAN。YANXISHANRENWEISHANDAFUXIAOYOUWANGXIANDENGRENFUZE,KONGRIHOUNANYIKONGZHI,SUIYU8YUE1RIZAI《ZHENZHONGRIBAO》[2]KANCHUCHENGLISHANXIDAXUEFUKECHOUBEIWEIYUANHUIJISHENGZHENGFUTONGGUODEJIANZHANGSHIYITIAO。SHENGZHENGFUZHUXIYANXISHANJIANRENWEIYUANZHANG,GUANYUXIAOZHISHEBEIZHICHOUBAN,YUANXIKECHENGJIRENYUANZHISHEZHIDIAOZHENG,XIAOKUANZHIYUSUANSHENHE,XUESHENGZHIZHAOJIZHAOKAODENGJUNZAICHOUBEIWEIYUANHUIZHIQUANZHINEI。[3]

  9YUEZHONGXUN,SHANXISHENGZHENGFUJIXUSHIHUHUIKUAN15000YUAN,DIANLINGQIZHAOXINSHENG、QINGJIAOSHOU、GOUTUSHU、MAIYIQI,JINKUAIHUIFUSHANXIDAXUE。

  XUSHIHUJIEDAOSHENGZHENGFUDIANLINGHOU,HENKUAITOURUFUXIAOGONGZUO。TASHOUXIANCONGZIJIGONGZHIDEXIBEILIANHEDAXUEPINQINGWANGYANSHENGWEISHEHUIXUEJIAOSHOU、ZHENGWENHUAWEIWULIJIAOSHOU、YANGJUNSHANWEIFALVJIAOSHOU、KANGSHIANWEIJIXIEJIAOSHOU,BOLANCUI、DOUZIJINWEIZHUJIAO,YOUCONGGUOLIQIZHONGDIAOYONGZHIYUAN8REN。9YUEDI,JINGGUORUXUEKAOSHI,LUQUBAIYURENWEIYINIANJIXINSHENG。10YUEDI,QUANTISHISHENGYUANGONGDAODASANYUANXIANCHENG。

  BENLAI,SHENGZHENGFUMINGLINGBEISHANGYICHUANXIANQIULINZHENKAIXUESHANGKE,YINQIANFANGJUNQINGTURANJINZHANG,NAIGAILINGSHISHENGZAISHANXISHENGSANYUANXIANJIUDIMICHUSHANGKE。XUSHIHUYOUTONGGUOSHANXISHENGJIAOYUTINGTINGZHANGWANGJIESAN,JIEDESANYUANNANCHENGYUANSANYUANNVZHONGQUANBUXIAOSHE,ZUOWEIBANGONG、SHANGKEDECHANGSUO,JIWEN、FALIANGYUANDEXUESHENGSUSHE,HOUYOUZUDAOSHANXIJIEYIDAHUOZHANZUOWEIGONGXUEYUANXUESHENGSHISUZHIDI。

  TONGSHI,YOUCONGGEDIPINQINGLEJIMINGJIAOSHOU,BINGZAIXIAN、HANZHONGDENGDIGOUZHIDAPIZHONGWAIWENJIAOBEN、TUSHUHEYIQI。1939NIAN12YUE23RI,TINGBANLIANGNIANDESHANXIDAXUEYOUZHENGSHIKAIXUESHANGKE。[4]

  KAIKEBUJIU,SHENGZHENGFUGUANYUSHANXIDAXUEBIANZHIYURENSHIDEMINGLINGXIADASANYUAN:YANXISHANJIANXIAOZHANG,FENGLUNWEIXIAOWUZHUREN,JINGGAIZUHOUDEQUANXIAOSHEGONGXUE、FAXUE、WENXUESANYUAN,JIDIAN、TUMU、FALV、JINGJI、LISHI、YINGWENLIUXIJIXUNDAO、JIAOWU、ZONGWUSANCHU,XUSHIHUBEIRENMINGWEIJIAOWUZHANG。CIZHONGBIANZHIDIANDINGLERIHOUSHANDAFAZHANDEJICHU。

  SANYUANFUKESHIZAISHANXIDAXUETINGBANLIANGNIAN、TIAOJIANJIWEIJIANKUDEZHANHUOSUIYUEZHONGSHIXIANDE。NANNENGKEGUIDESHI,CONGSIMIANBAFANGJIJIEQILAIDESHANDASHISHENG,YIWEIHUZHONGHUAWENHUAWEIZHI,JIANKUCHUANGYE,CHIKUNAILAO,SHENSIKUDU,“GUFUXIAOBUSHUYUE,ERSHENGYUJIZENG,YIYUEERWEIXIBEIXUESHUZHIZHONGXIN”。1940NIAN5YUE15RI,《ZHENZHONGRIBAO》FABIAOWENZHANG,YIMIANLISHUSHANDAJINGFEIZHIKUNNAN,YIMIANZANYANGSHISHENGZHIKUXUEJINGSHEN:DANGSHI,XUEXIAODEBANGONGTING、JIAOSHI、SUSHEDOUSHIZUDIANDEMINFANG,DADEJIAOSHIYOUYIGE,KERONGNAWULIUSHIREN,XIAODEYOUSIGE,MEISHIKERONGSHILAIREN。DOUSHIJIANGXUE,POYOUJIANGZHANGYIFENG。[5]

  SANYUANFUKEZAISHANXIDAXUEXIAOSHISHANGZHANYOUZHONGYAODIWEI,TABUJINSHIZHEISUOZUIZAOCHENGLIDEGUOLIDAXUEDEYIXINHUOXIANGCHUAN,ERQIECIZHONGHUANJINGZHONGYUNYUDECHIKUNAILAO、JINGYANKUXUEDEJINGSHENCHENGWEISHANXIDAXUERIHOUFAZHANDETUIDONGLI。

  1940NIANHOU,12YUE23RIBEIXIAOFANGGUIDINGWEISANYUANFUKEJINIANRI,ZHAOLIQUANXIAOFANGJIAYIRI,BINGJUXINGGEZHONGJINIANHUIJIWENTIHUODONG,YISHIJINIAN。

  “虎啸”秋林 漂泊“克难”

  CHIXUBANIANDEKANGZHANSUIYUE,SHIWEISHANXIDAXUEDEDUONANZHIQIU。

  1939NIAN12YUE23RISANYUANFUXIAOHOU,XUEXIAOYOUYIN“GUOLIFENGCHAO”QIANZHISHANXIYICHUANXIANQIULINZHENHUXIAOGOU,HOUYOUYINSHANGHANLIUXINGZAICIFANQIANKENANPO,ZHIDAO1946NIAN4YUEZHONGFANTAIYUANHOUJIAXIANGXIAOYUAN,ZHENKEWEIPIAOLIUBUDING。

  PAOHUOSHENGZHONGCHUILIANCHULESHANXIDAXUEBUZHEBUNAODEJINGSHEN,YICHENGWEIBENXIAORIHOUJINYIBUFAZHANDEBAOGUICAIFU。

  1941NIAN7YUEFASHENGDE“GUOLIFENGCHAO”SHIQIANZHIHUXIAOGOUDEZHIJIEYUANYIN。

  SANYUANFUXIAOHOU,HUZONGNANSUOXIASHANXIDIQUSANQINGTUANJIZHUNBEIYUXUEXIAOJIANLIGUANXI,1941NIAN3YUEJINYIBUTICHUZAIXUEXIAOJIANLISANQINGTUANZONGTUANBUDEYAOQIU,“ZHENGZHIYUELIQIAN,SHEHUIJINGYANSHAO,YOUSHUSHENGQISHIZU”DEXUSHIHUBIANRANGSHIRENWENXUEYUANYUANZHANGJIANXUNDAOZHANGDEZHOUCHUANRUCHULICISHI。7YUE,ZHOUYUHUZONGNANSHILIUJUNZHENGZHIBULIANXIHOU,LVXUEXIAOSANQINGTUANYUANYUBUFENJIAOSHIXIANQILEGAISHENGLISHANXIDAXUEWEIGUOLIDEFENGCHAO,SHIZESHIZAIFANDUIYANXISHAN。ZHOUZAISHILIUJUNZHICHIXIAZHANLINGXUEXIAO,BINGJIANGBUFENXINGZHENGRENYUANGANCHUXUEXIAO,HOUYOUBIANMAIXIAOCHAN,TOUSHENHUZONGNANBU。

  ZAISANYUANYIWUFAZHENGCHANGSHANGKEDEQINGKUANGXIA,SHANXISHENGZHENGFUJIDIANJIAOWUZHANGXUSHIHUJIANGXUEXIAOQIANZHIYICHUANXIANQIULINZHENHUXIAOGOU,“JISHIWUYIJIAOSHOU,WUYIXUESHENGBEIQIAN,YEYAOJIANGSHENGLISHANDADEPAIZIKANGHUILAI”。[6]10YUEDI,SHISHENG200YURENZAIZONGWUZHANGWANGYOULANDEDAILINGXIA,CHENGLUOCHEFENPILIKAISANYUAN,BEIQIANQIULINZHENHUXIAOGOU,12YUECHUHUIFUSHANGKE。

  QIULINZHENWEIYUSHANXIYICHUANXIANCHENGDONG30LI,YOUJUMINBAIYUHU,GAIZHENDONGJUHUANGHEDUKOUXIAOCHUANWO60LI,BEISHANG5LI,BIANSHISHANXIJIXIANKENANPO。ZHENBEILIANGTIAODAGOU,YANXISHANMINGZHIWEI“LONGYIN”HE“HUXIAO”。HUXIAOGOUZHANGWULIULI,GOUZHIDONGXILIANGCE,YOUHUANGTUYAODONGBAIYUKONG,CHU20YUKONGWEIERTONGJIAOYANGYUANHESHANXIKEXUEGUANZHANYONGWAI,QIYUQUANBUGUISHANXIDAXUEYONGZUOXIAOSHE。

  QINGYISEDETUYAODONG,WUMENPAI,WUBIAOJI,WAIRENDAOCI,HENNANFENQINGSUSHE、JIAOSHIHEBANGONGSHI。GOUZHIDONGCEDEYUANYOUKONGDI,JINGSHISHENGZHENGXIUHOUKEZUOWEICAOCHANGHEHUICHANG。WUXIAOMEN,WUXIAOPAI,SHISHENGJILAIWANGXINGRENJUNDUOZHEDABINGFU,XIANGSIYIZUOBINGYING,ZENMEYEXIANGXIANGBUCHUZHEILISHIYISUOZHENGGUIDEDAXUE。

  HUXIAOGOUNEIDEXUESHENGDADUOWEISHANXILIUWANGQINGNIAN,JIAOSHIDUOWEISHANXIXUEZHEMINGLIU。ZAIFENGHUOLIANTIAN,JIAXIANGLUNXIANDEZHANZHENGSUIYUE,ZHEILIQUEGUANCHI、GUANZHU,SHENZHIGUANCHUAN,WENHUAZAIZHEILIDEYIMIANYAN,XINLINGZAIZHEILIDEDAOCHUILIAN。XUESHENGWUBUKEKUXUEXI,FENFAXIANGSHANG,JIAOSHIWUBUXUNXUNSHANYOU,HUIRENBUJUAN。

  HUXIAOGOUBUSHILONGWOHU,DANHUXIAOGOUDEREN,BINGBUDOUSHITULITUQI,BENSHOUBENJIAODESHANHANNONGFU、CUNGUNONGFU,YEYOUJIANDUOSHIGUANGDEJINGYING,DUOCAIDUOQIDECAINV,TAMENDEKEWAIHUODONG,WENYUTIYUHUODONG,XIANGDANGHUOYUE。[7]

  1942NIANHUXIAOGOUNEIBANZHENSHANGHANDELIUXINGZAIXIAONEIYINQIJIDAJINGKONG。SHINIANCHUNMO,ERTONGJIAOYANGYUANSHOUXIANFASHENGBANZHENSHANGHAN,SUIJIZHUJIANMANYANDAOQIULINGEDI。XIAONEIJIAOSHIKANGSHIAN、LIJINGFUJIFAXUEYUANYUANZHANGYANGJUNSHANDENGSHURENYINHUANSHIYIXIANGJIBINGSHI,HUXIAOGOUNEIRENXINHUANGHUANG,TANWENSEBIAN。ZHISHUQI,WAISHENGJIJIAOSHIMAFEIBAIDENGSHURENFENFENJIEGUCIZHI。NIANDI,20YUMINGXUESHENGYOUYINGUTAOLIHUXIAOGOU。ZAIRUCIRENXINFUDONGDEQINGKUANGXIA,1943NIAN1YUEXUEXIAOYOUFENGMINGQUANBUQIANZHIKENANPO。

  KENANPOWEIYUHUANGHEDONGAN,SHIWEIDIERZHANQUZHANGGUANSILINGBUJISHANXISHENGZHENGFUZHUDI,ZAIJINKAOHUANGHEBIANSHANGDEDAXIAOSHANTOUSHANG,YIGEGETUYAODONGZUOLUOQIJIAN,SHANXIDAXUEDELINSHIXIAOSHEJIUANPAIZAIKENANPOSIXINGOUDEYAODONGLI。JIANRENXIAOZHANGYANXISHANJIUJIN“ZHILI”,GUANLIBIANSHIMEIZHOUZAIKENANPODEHONGLUTAIDUISHISHENGXUNHUAYICI,NEIRONGWUFEISHIZHONGYONGZHIDAOHEYANSHIZHEXUE。KENANPOSHANGKEDETONGSHI,XUEXIAOJIAJINGAISHANHUXIAOGOUDEHUANJINGWEISHENG,BINGXIUJIANLEJIANYIPINGFANGSHUSHIJIAN,ZHI1943NIAN10YUEDI,QUANXIAOJIAOZHIYUANGONGYOUFENPIXIDUHUANGHE,QIANHUISHANXIQIULINHUXIAOGOU。

  HUXIAOGOU、KENANPOSHIQI,SHISHANXIDAXUEBANXUETIAOJIANJIWEIKUNNANDESHIQI,YESHIYIGEJIANKUFENDOU、CHUILIANXIAOFENGDESHIQI。SHISHENGYUANGONGBUWEIKUNKU,XIANGEBUCHUO,ZAIHUANGTUGOUHEZHONGJINGZOUZHEMINZUWENHUADELEQU。

  CHUNDAORENJIANCAOMUZHI。1945NIAN9YUE,KANGRIZHANZHENGSHENGLIDEXIAOXICHUANZHIHUXIAOGOUSHANXIDAXUEXIAOYUANNEI。1946NIANCHUNJI,QUANXIAOSHISHENGYUANGONGDONGDUHUANGHE,ZHANZHUANSHANXIHANCHENG,ZHONGXINHUIDAOKUOBIE9NIANDETAIYUANHOUJIAXIANGXIAOYUAN。

  自强报国 弦歌不辍

  ZAIFENGHUOLIANTIANDEBANIANKANGZHANSUIYUEZHONG,SHANXIDAXUECONGLISAN、FUXIAO、BANQIANDAOZHONGFAN,CONGSHANXINANBUDAOSHANXISANYUAN,ZAIDAOHUXIAOGOU、KENANPO,ZUIZHONGHUIDAOTAIYUANHOUJIAXIANG,KEWEINANBEIBOQIAN,LIJINGFENGYU。

  NANNENGKEGUIDE,JIUSHIZAIRUCILILUANJUHEDEHUANJINGXIA,GUANGDASHISHENGRENGSHENZAIGOUHE,XINXIWENHUA,JIAOYANBUDUAN,XIANGEBUCHUO。

  SANYUANFUXIAODEGONGCHENMOGUOYULAOXIAOZHANGXUSHIHU。ZHEIWEICENGJINGZAIQINGHUADAXUEQIANHOUDUSHU5NIAN,ZAIYINGGUOHEDEGUOLIUXUE6NIANDESHANXIWUTAIGAOCAISHENG,FUXIAOHOU,ZAIXIAOSHE、SHIZI、SHEBEIDENGJIDUANBUZUDETIAOJIANXIA,JIELICONGGECHUPINQINGJIAOSHI,ZHENGQUJINGFEI。

  “XUEXIAOXINGZHENGGUANLI、KECHENGANPAIYUJIAOSHIDAIYU,YIGAILAOSHANDAMINGUOYILAI35NIANDENEIYITAO,JINLIANGANZHAOJIAOYUBUDEGUIDINGBANLI。GEYUANXISINIANDEKECHENG,FANSHIJIAOYUBUGUIDINGDEBIXIUKEJINKENENGKAIQI。XUANXIUKEZEGENJUSHIQINGZHUOLIANGKAISHE。DUIYUGEJIAOSHIJIANGKENEIRONG,WOFANGZHAOBEIDA、QINGHUAZIYOUJIANGXUEDEYOULIANGCHUANTONG,CONGWEIGANYUGUO”。[8]ZHIHOUJINGLIDE“GUOLIFENGCHAO”、HUXIAOGOUBANZHENSHANGHAN,JUNZAIXUSHIDEZHUCHIXIAYOUJINGWUXIANDIDUGUO。

  XUEXIAODEXINGZHENGHEJIAOXUEGUANLIGONGZUO,BINGMEIYOUYINWEITIAOJIANJIANKUERSONGXIE。CONG《SHANXIDAXUEBAINIANJISHI》DEJIZAIZHONG,WOMENKEYIKANDAO,KANGZHANQIJIANSUIRANLIJINPIAOBO,DANXIAOFANGRENGJIANCHIYANGEZHIXIAO,BUDUANYOUSHISHIDEXIAOWUHUIYIHEZHIDUJUEDINGCHUTAI。

  KENANPOSHIQI,XUEXIAOWEISHIYINGZHANSHIXUYAO,SHENZHIGUIDINGLEJUTIDEXIAJIZUOXISHIJIAN:ZAOCHEN5SHIQICHUANG;6SHI30FENDAO7SHI30FENZAOZIXI;SHANGWU8SHIDAO12SHISHANGKE;XIAWU2SHIDAO6SHISHANGKE;WAN8SHI30FENJIUQIN。WANSHANG8DIAN30FENJIYAOQIUJIUQIN,MUDEZAIYUJIESHENGDENGYOU,SHENZHIGUIDINGLEZHUANMENDE《GUOLISHANXIDAXUEDENGYOUZHIPEIBANFA》。

  YOU6NIANLIUXUEJINGLIDEXUSHIHUXIAOZHANGDUIXUESHENGDEYINGYUXUEXIJIWEIZHONGSHI。1944NIAN11YUE,WEITIGAOXUESHENGDEYINGYUSHUIPING,YOUQISHIXUESHENGDEYINGYUHUIHUASHUIPING,XUEXIAOZHUANMENKAISHELEYINGWENGAOJIBANJIANGZUO,TINGJIANGXUESHENG30REN,XUSHIHUQINZIJIANGSHOUYINGWENXUANDU,JIAOWUZHANGYANKAIYUANJIANGSHOUYINGWENHUIHUA。[9]

  PAOHUOBUXI,XIANGEBUCHUO。JINGUANTIAOJIANJIQIJIANKU,DANJIAOSHIMENRENZHENJIAOSHU,TONGXUEMENRENZHENDUSHUQUESHIYIYIGUANZHIDE。1942NIAN《XUESHENGZHIYOU》DI4JUANDI4QICENGKANDENGSHUMINGYANGDUAN《SHANXIDAXUEYIPIE》DEWENZHANG,DAOCHULESANYUANFUXIAOHOUSHANDAXUEZIDEJINGSHENFENGMAO:

  ZAISHANDAHENRONGYIKANDAODESHITONGXUEJIANBICIQINAIRUTONGXIONGDI,YEXUYOUYUDAJIALAIZIZHANQU,BEIPOLIKAILEJIAXIANG,BAOCHANGDAORENJIANJIANKUDELIUWANGZIWEI,SUOYIDOUBUYUEERTONGDIHUXIANGQINAI,HUXIANGDILI。

  SHANDATONGXUEWEIYIDEMUDEBIANSHIDUSHU。ZAIZHEILIDUSHUDEQIFENTAINONGHOULE。ZAOSHANGHAIMEIYOUXIANGQICHUANGHAO,NIANSHUDESHENGYINJIUNENGCHUANDAONIDEERDUOLI,JIAOSHILI、CAOCHANGSHANGDOUSHITONGXUEMENZAIDUSHUDESHENYING。WANSHANG,ZIXISHIGENGSHIRENAO,MEIGEJIAOSHILIDOUZUOMANLEREN,SHUZHUOSHANGYIZHANXIAOYOUDENG,ZHAOYAOZAIDUSHUTONGXUEMENDELIANSHANG,JINGQIAOQIAODIZHINENGTINGDAOFANSHUHESHASHADIXIEZIDESHENGYIN。[10]

  1945NIAN4YUECHENGLIDEGUOLISHANXIDAXUEXUESHENGZIZHIHUISHIKANGZHANSHENGLIQIANXIZUIWEIHUOYUEDEXUESHENGZUZHI。JUZAI,4YUE4RI,XUESHENGZIZHIHUICHOUBEIHUIZHAOJI220YURENZAIXUEXIAODALITANGJUXINGCHENGLIDAHUI,XUSHIHU、DURENZHI、YANKAIYUANDENGZHUMINGJIAOSHOUHEGEXIZHURENJUNCHUXIZHIDAO。DAHUITONGGUOLEZIZHIHUIGUIZE,XUANJULELISHIHEHOUBULISHI,ZIZHIHUIGEBUJUNPINYOUGUANJIAOSHIZUOWEIZHIDAOYUAN。4YUE17RI,ZIZHIHUIXUESHUBUZHAOJIGEXUEHUIBAOSHELIANXIHUIYI,NIZAIXUEXIAOKAIZHANSISHISANZHOUNIANXIAOQINGBIBAOJINGSAI,JIDADITUIDONGLEGEZHONGXUESHENGSHETUANDEFAZHAN。[11]

  HUXIAOGOU、KENANPOSHIQISUISHIBANXUETIAOJIANJIWEIJIANKUDESHIQI,DANYOUSHIXUESHENGXUESHUHEWENTIHUODONGSHENWEIHUOYUEDESHIQI。WULAOXUEHUI、LISHIXUEHUI、WAIWENXUEHUI、JINGJIXUEHUI、WENYIYANJIUHUI、YIXUEYANJIUHUI、GUOXUEYANJIUHUI、FAXUEYANJIUHUIDENGZHIZAITANQIUXUESHUDEGELEIXUEHUIFENFENZUJIANCHENGLI,GEXUEHUIHUOZHEDINGQIYAOQINGJIAOSHOUJIANGZUO,HUODINGQIJIUMOUYIWENTIZHANKAITAOLUN,XUESHUTANTAODEFENWEIBUKEWEIBUNONG。JINNANJUSHE、HUISHENGGEYONGDUI、LANQIUDUIDENGWENTITUANDUIDEHUODONG,GENGJIXIAOYUANZENGTIANLEDUOCAIDESEDIAO。

  JUZAI,1945NIAN5YUE43ZHOUNIANXIAOQINGSHI,4TIANNEIXUESHENGWENYISHETUANGONGYANCHUHUAJU、JINGJU、JINSHENGGELUBANGZIXI20DUOZHONG,MEIWANGUANZHONGDOUZAISANSIQIANREN。XIAOZHANGBANGONGSHI、TUSHUGUAN、JIAOYUANXIUXISHI,SHENZHIJIAOSHIDETUQIANGSHANGDOUCHUXIANLESHUSHIJIASHETUANZHANCHUDEBIBAO,TONGXUEMENMANHUAIXINXINDIJIANGDAO,“ZAIZHEIYANGYIZHONGQIFENZHONG,WOMENSIHUNENGGOUKANDAOSHANXIDAXUEZHENGZAICHENGZHANGDEYINGZI”。

  KANGRIZHANZHENGQIJIANDEBANIAN,SHISHANXIDAXUEPIAOBOWUDINGLIUXIBANXUEDEBANIAN,YESHIJIANNANKUNKUYURUYUCHENGDEBANIAN。YIMIANSHIZHANHUOFENFEIZHONGDETUSHUSHEBEISANSHI,LUOCHEBUXINGQIANXI,GOUHEYAODONGJIAOXUE、SHANYEYOUDENGDUSHU;LINGYIMIANSHIXIANGEBUCHUOFENGJING,SHISHENGTUANJIEFENWEI,“JINGYANKUXUE”XIAOFENG,JIANKUFENDOUJINGSHEN。ZHEISHISHANXIDAXUEBAISHINIANBANXUELISHIZHONGHAOYINFENGYUDESHIQI,YESHICHENGQIANQIHOUZIQIANGBAOGUODEYIGEBEIZHUANGSHIQI。(ZUOZHEWEISHANXIDAXUEFUXIAOZHANG)

  [参考文献]

  [1]《SHANXIDAXUEBAINIANJISHI》ZHONGHUASHUJU2002NIAN3YUEBAN,DI136YE。

  [2]KANGZHANCHUQI,GUOMINZHENGFUYAOQIUGEDAZHANQUCHUANGBAN《ZHENZHONGRIBAO》。YANXISHANTONGZHIDEDIERZHANQU《ZHENZHONGRIBAO》CHUANGKANYU1938NIAN1YUE1RI,TINGKANYU1945NIAN9YUE25RI。

  [3]JIANLANGYONGJIEZHUBIAN:《LISHIDEJIANZHENG——XINWENMEITIZHONGDESHANXIDAXUE》ZHONGGUOSHEHUICHUBANSHE2012NIANBAN,DI192—193YE。

  [4]XUSHIHUZAI《JIUSHIZISHU》ZHONGXIEDAO:“YIQIEBUZHIJIUXUHOU,XUEXIAOBIANYU1939NIAN12YUE1RIZAISANYUANCHENGKAIKE,GUACHULESHANXIDAXUEDEPAIZI”。RAN1940NIANDAIHOU,XIAOFANGDUOYI12YUE23RIWEISANYUANFUXIAORI。CICHUCUNYI。JIANXUSHIHU《XUSHIHUZHUYIXUJI》,CHUBANSHE、FAXINGSHIJIANJUNBUXIANG,YIWEI2000NIANYINXING。

  [5]JIANLANGYONGJIEZHUBIANQIANJIESHU,DI194—195YE

  [6]XUSHIHU《JIEFANGQIANDESHANXIDAXUE》,ZAI《SHANXIWENSHIZILIAO》DI17JI。

  [7]CHAIZUOZIHUIYIWENZHANG,XIANCUNSHANXIDAXUEDANGANGUAN。

  [8]XUSHIHU《XUSHIHUZHUYIXUJI》DI180YE。

  [9]《SHANXIDAXUEBAINIANJISHI》ZHONGHUASHUJU2002NIAN3YUEBAN,DI194YE。

  [10]JIANLANGYONGJIEZHUBIANQIANJIESHU,DI202—203YE。

  [11]《SHANXIDAXUEBAINIANJISHI》ZHONGHUASHUJU2002NIAN3YUEBAN,DI190—194YE。

    《ZHONGGUOJIAOYUBAO》2015NIAN9YUE19RIDI3BAN



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