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加强程序建设,完善学生处理、处分和申诉制度

9h338.com 2017年02月16日  来源:教育部网站

XIBEIZHENGFADAXUEFUXIAOZHANG WANGLIN

SHANXISHENGJIAOYUTINGXUESHENGCHUCHUZHANG TANGSHU

  SUIZHESHEHUIFAZHANHEJIAOYUGAIGEDEBUDUANSHENRU,GAOXIAOXUESHENGFAZHIGUANNIANHEWEIQUANYISHIDEBUDUANTIGAO,GAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGONGZUOYINGLAIXINDEWENTI,MIANLINXINDETIAOZHAN。WEICI,JIAOYUBUZAICHONGFENDIAOYANLUNZHENGDEJICHUSHANG,DUI2005NIAN9YUE1RIQISHIXINGDE《PUTONGGAODENGXUEXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGUIDING》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《GUIDING》)ZUOLEXIUDING,XINDE《GUIDING》JIANGYU2017NIAN9YUE1RIQISHIXING。BENWENCONGBIJIAOFENXIDEJIAODUCHUFA,DUIXINJIU《GUIDING》ZHONGGUANYUXUESHENGCHULI、CHUFENHESHENSUZHIDUDENEIRONGJINXINGTAOLUNHEFENXI。

  一、修订“学生处理、处分和申诉制度”的必要性

  (一)是进一步规范高校学生管理工作、深入推进依法治校的必然要求

  XUESHENGGUANLISHIGAOXIAOLUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWU,PEIYANGDEZHITIMEIQUANMIANFAZHANDESHEHUIZHUYISHIYEJIANSHEZHEHEJIEBANRENDEZHONGYAOGONGZUONEIRONG。GAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGUIDINGZESHIBAOZHANGGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGONGZUOKEXUE、YOUXUKAIZHANDEZHONGYAOYIJU。ZHANGQIYILAI,WOGUOGAOXIAOCAIYONGXIGUANXINGSIWEIJINXINGXUESHENGGUANLI,DAOZHICHULI、CHUFENXUESHENGYIJUBUZU、CHENGXUQUESHIDENGXIANXIANGSHIYOUFASHENG。ZAIDANGQIANJIAOYUGAIGEZHEYANYUJIANLIXIANDAIDAXUEZHIDU、SHENRUTUIJINYIFAZHIXIAODEDABEIJINGXIA,BUDUANXIUDING、WANSHANGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIZHIDU,YOULIYUFENGFUGAOXIAOGUANLILILUN、TIGAOGAOXIAOGUANLISHUIPING、CUJINXIANDAIDAXUEZHIDUDEJIANLI。TONGSHI,BANSUIZHEWOGUOFAZHIJINCHENGDEBUDUANSHENRU,GAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIFAZHIHUAYICHENGWEIGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGONGZUOZHEDEGONGSHI,RUHEZAIXINDEBEIJINGXIA,BUDUANXIUDING、WANSHANGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGUIDING,XIHUANEIRONGJIANSHE,JIAQIANGCHENGXUJIANSHEYICHENGWEIGUIFANGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGONGZUODEBIRANYAOQIU。

  (二)是切实保障学生合法权益的必然要求

  JINNIANLAI,XUESHENGYUELAIYUEZHONGSHIWEIHUZISHENDEQUANLI,XUESHENGGUANLILINGYUFALVJIUFENBUDUAN。YIFANGMIAN,XUEXIAOWEIWEIHUJIAOXUEZHIXUHEJIAOYUHUANJING,YOUQUANDUIWEIFANXIAOGUIDESHOUJIAOYUZHEYUYICHUFEN,XUEXIAODEBANXUEZIZHIQUANXUYAOWEIHU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,SHISHENGDUIXUESHENGSHENSUCHULIGONGZUOYOUZHIQINGQUAN、CANYUQUAN、BIAODAQUANHEJIANDUQUAN,ZAIXUEXIAOSHISHICHUFENSHISHIHUOSHIDANG、XUESHENGDEHEFAQUANYIJIUHUISHOUDAOQINHAIDEQINGKUANGXIA,XUESHENGDEHEFAQUANYIYINGDANGNENGGOUDEDAOYOUXIAOJIUJI。YINCI,BUDUANXIUDINGWANSHANGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGUIDING,YESHIGUIFANGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIQUANLI,QIESHIBAOZHANGXUESHENGHEFAQUANYIDEBIRANYAOQIU。

  二、新《规定》关于学生处理、处分和申诉制度的主要修改

  (一)关于学生处理、处分

  1、新增关于学生诚信教育以及对于学生严重失信行为应给予相应纪律处分的内容,明确指出“学校应当开展学生诚信教育,以适当方式记录学生学业等方面的诚信信息,建立对失信行为的约束和惩戒机制;对有严重失信行为的,可以规定给予相应的纪律处分,对违背学术诚信的学生,可以对其获得学位及学术称号、荣誉等作出限制”。

  2、JIANGYUAN《GUIDING》ZHONGDIWUSHIERTIAO“DUIYOUWEIFA、WEIGUI、WEIJIXINGWEIDEXUESHENG,XUEXIAOYINGDANGJIYUPIPINGJIAOYUHUOZHEJILVCHUFEN”YUDIWUSHISANTIAOJILVCHUFENDEZHONGLEIJINXINGHEBING;JIANGYUAN《GUIDING》DIWUSHIERTIAO“XUEXIAOJIYUXUESHENGDEJILVCHUFEN,YINGDANGYUXUESHENGWEIFA、WEIGUI、WEIJIXINGWEIDEXINGZHIHEGUOCUODEYANZHONGCHENGDUXIANGSHIYING”DENEIRONGYUDIWUSHIWUTIAO“XUEXIAODUIXUESHENGDECHUFEN,YINGDANGZUODAOCHENGXUZHENGDANG、ZHENGJUCHONGZU、YIJUMINGQUE、DINGXINGZHUNQUE、CHUFENQIADANG”JINXINGLEHEBING,CONGERSHINEIRONGXIANJIEGENGJIAJINMI。

  3、DUIKAICHUXUEJICHUFENDEQINGXINGZUOLEJINYIBUMINGQUEHEXIHUA。YISHIGUIDINGSHOUDAOZHIANGUANLICHUFA,BIXU“QINGJIEYANZHONG、XINGZHIELIE”FANGKEJIYUKAICHUXUEJICHUFEN。ERSHIXINZENGYOU“XIANGTARENCHUSHOUKAOSHISHITIHUODAANMOUQULIYI”“ QITARAOLUANKAOSHIZHIXUXINGWEI”QINGXINGDE,KEJIYUKAICHUXUEJICHUFEN。SANSHIJIANGYUAN《GUIDING》ZHONGDE“PIAOQIE、CHAOXITARENYANJIUCHENGGUO,QINGJIEYANZHONGDE”,GAIWEI“ XUEWEILUNWEN、GONGKAIFABIAODEYANJIUCHENGGUOCUNZAICHAOXI、CUANGAI、WEIZAODENGXUESHUBUDUANXINGWEI,QINGJIEYANZHONGDE,HUOZHECANYUDAIXIELUNWEN、MAIMAILUNWENDE”, GENGJUZHENDUIXINGHEKECAOZUOXING。SISHIJIANGYUAN《GUIDING》ZHONGDE“WEIFAN(BENGUIDINGHE)XUEXIAOGUIDING,YANZHONGYINGXIANGXUEXIAOJIAOYUJIAOXUEZHIXU、SHENGHUOZHIXUYIJIGONGGONGCHANGSUOGUANLIZHIXU”“QINHAIQITAGEREN、ZUZHIHEFAQUANYI,ZAOCHENGYANZHONGHOUGUO”LIANGZHONGBUTONGDEQINGXINGFENBIEJINXINGGUIDING,XINGSHISHANGGENGJIAGUIFAN。

  4、XIANGXIGUIDINGLEXUESHENGCHUFENJUEDINGSHUDENEIRONGYINGBAOKUO“XUESHENGDEJIBENXINXI;ZUOCHUCHUFENDESHISHIHEZHENGJU;CHUFENDEZHONGLEI、YIJU、QIXIANHEXIANGGUANYINGXIANG;SHENSUDETUJINGHEQIXIAN;QITABIYAONEIRONG”,BINGQIANGDIAO,“ZAIDUIXUESHENGZUOCHUCHUFENHUOZHEQITABULIJUEDINGZHIQIAN,XUEXIAOYINGDANGGAOZHIXUESHENGZUOCHUJUEDINGDESHISHI、LIYOUJIYIJU”, TIXIANLEXUEXIAODUIXUESHENGCHUFENYINGYOUDECHENGXUZHENGDANGXING。TONGSHI,DUIYU“CHULI、CHUFENJUEDINGYIJICHUFENGAOZHISHUDENG”DESONGDAFANGSHIZUOLEMINGQUEGUIDING。

  5、JIANGXUEXIAOJUEDINGQUXIAOXUESHENGRUXUEZIGE、QUXIAOXUEJIHUOZHEZUOCHUQITASHEJIXUESHENGZHONGDALIYIDECHULIHUOZHECHUFENDE,YUJUEDINGXUESHENGTUIXUE、KAICHUXUEJITONGYANG“YINGDANGTIJIAOXIAOZHANGBANGONGHUIHUOZHEXIAOZHANGSHOUQUANDEZHUANMENHUIYIYANJIUJUEDING,BINGYINGDANGSHIXIANJINXINGHEFAXINGSHENCHA”,CONGERTIGAOLEDUIXUESHENGZUOCHUSHEJIQIZHONGDALIYIDECHULIHUOZHECHUFENJUEDINGSUOYINGJUBEIDECHENGXUYANGEXING。

  6、XINZENGXUESHENGCHUFENYINGDANGSHEZHIQIXIANBINGDAOQIYINGYUJIECHUDENEIRONG,GUIDING“CHUKAICHUXUEJICHUFENYIWAI,JIYUXUESHENGCHUFENYIBANYINGDANGSHEZHI6DAO12GEYUEQIXIAN,DAOQIANXUEXIAOGUIDINGCHENGXUYUYIJIECHU。JIECHUCHUFENHOU,XUESHENGHUODEBIAOZHANG、JIANGLIJIQITAQUANYI,BUZAISHOUYUANCHUFENDEYINGXIANG”NEIRONG。

  (二)关于学生申诉

  1、JIANG“XUESHENGSHENSU”DANDUZUOWEIYIZHANG,TIGAOLE“XUESHENGSHENSU”ZAIXIN《GUIDING》SUOZHANJUDEZHONGYAODIWEI,YOULIYUJIANGXUESHENGDEQUANYIJIUJIZHIDULUODAOSHICHU。

  2、DUIXUESHENGSHENSUDEJUTIBANFA、XUEXIAOXUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUIDEZUCHENGYUGONGZUOGUIZE、GONGZUOHUANJINGTICHULEMINGQUEDEYAOQIU,JINYIBUWANSHANLEXIAONEISHENSUZHIDU。

  (1)MINGQUEGUIDINGLE“XUEXIAOYINGDANGCHENGLIXUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUI,FUZESHOULIXUESHENGDUICHULIHUOZHECHUFENJUEDINGBUFUTIQIDESHENSU”。

  (2)MINGQUEGUIDINGLEXUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUIDERENYUANZUCHENG,JICHUXUEXIAOXIANGGUANFUZEREN、ZHINENGBUMENFUZERENWAI,YINGYOUJIAOSHIDAIBIAO、XUESHENGDAIBIAOJIFUZEFALVSHIWUDEXIANGGUANJIGOUFUZEREN,BINGJINYIBUGUIDING“YOUTIAOJIANDEXUEXIAO,KEYIPINQINGXIAOWAIFALV、JIAOYUDENGFANGMIANZHUANJIACANJIA”。

  (3)MINGQUEGUIDING“XUEXIAOYINGDANGZHIDINGXUESHENGSHENSUDEJUTIBANFA;JIANQUANXUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUIDEZUCHENGYUGONGZUOGUIZE,TIGONGBIYAOTIAOJIAN,BAOZHENGQINENGGOUKEGUAN、GONGZHENGDILVXINGZHIZE”。

  (4)JIANGXUESHENGSHENSUDESHIJIANYOUYUAN《GUIDING》ZHONGDE5TIANYANZHANGWEI10TIAN。

  (5)JIANGXUEXIAOCHULIXUESHENGSHENSUDESHIJIANYOUYUAN《GUIDING》ZHONGDE15TIAN,DIAOZHENGWEI“(XUEXIAO)ZAIJIEDAOSHUMIANSHENSUZHIRIQI15RINEIZUOCHUFUCHAJIELUNBINGGAOZHISHENSUREN。QINGKUANGFUZABUNENGZAIGUIDINGXIANQINEIZUOCHUJIELUNDE,JINGXUEXIAOFUZERENPIZHUN,KEYANZHANG15RI”,BINGZENGJIALE“XUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUIRENWEIBIYAODE,KEYIJIANYIXUEXIAOZANHUANZHIXINGYOUGUANJUEDING”DENEIRONG。

  (6)GUIDING“XUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUIJINGFUCHA,RENWEIZUOCHUCHULIHUOZHECHUFENDESHISHI、YIJU、CHENGXUDENGCUNZAIBUDANG,KEYIZUOCHUJIANYICHEXIAOHUOBIANGENGDEFUCHAYIJIAN,YAOQIUXIANGGUANZHINENGBUMENYUYIYANJIU,ZHONGXINTIJIAOXIAOZHANGBANGONGHUIHUOZHEZHUANMENHUIYIZUOCHUJUEDING”, MINGQUELEXUEXIAOXUESHENGSHENSUCHULIWEIYUANHUICHULIXUESHENGSHENSUDECHENGXUJIFANGSHI,YOULIYUCHONGFENFAHUIQIZUOYONG。

  3、DUISHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENCHULIXUESHENGSHENSUDECHENGXU、JIEGUOTICHULEMINGQUEYAOQIU,YAOQIUSHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENZAICHULIXUESHENGSHENSUSHI,YINGGENJUSHENCHAJIELUN,QUBIEBUTONGQINGKUANG,FENBIEZUOCHU“WEICHI、CHEXIAO、ZELINGXUEXIAOBIANGENGHUOZHEZHONGXINZUOCHUJUEDING”DECHULI。

  4、XINZENG“CHULI、CHUFENHUOZHEFUCHAJUEDINGSHUWEIGAOZHIXUESHENGSHENSUQIXIANDE,SHENSUQIXIANZIXUESHENGZHIDAOHUOZHEYINGDANGZHIDAOCHULIHUOZHECHUFENJUEDINGZHIRIQIJISUAN,DANZUIZHANGBUDECHAOGUO6GEYUE”DENEIRONG,YOULIYUBAOZHANGXUESHENGDESHENSUQUANLI。

  5、GUIDING“XUESHENGRENWEIXUEXIAOJIQIGONGZUORENYUANWEIFANBENGUIDING,QINHAIQIHEFAQUANYIDE;HUOZHEXUEXIAOZHIDINGDEGUIZHANGZHIDUYUFALVFAGUIHEBENGUIDINGDICHUDE,KEYIXIANGXUEXIAOSUOZAIDISHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENTOUSU”,JINYIBUTUOKUANLEXUESHENGSHENSUDEFANWEI。JI,ZAIBAOLIUXUESHENGDUIXUEXIAODEFUCHAJUEDINGSHENSUQUANZHIWAI,XUESHENGJIKEYITOUSUXUEXIAOJIQIGONGZUORENYUANDEWEIGUIXINGWEI,YEKEYITOUSUXUEXIAOZUOCHUXUESHENGCHULIHUOZHECHUFENJUEDINGSUOYIJUDEGUIZHANGZHIDUBUHEGUI。

  三、新的学生处理、处分和申诉制度的创新点及进步意义

  (一)内容更加详实,对现实更具指导性

  XUESHENGCHULI、CHUFENHESHENSUZHIDUYINWEIYUXUESHENGQIESHENLIYIXIXIXIANGGUAN,LILAIDOUSHIGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGUIDINGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN。YUYUAN《GUIDING》XIANGBI,XIN《GUIDING》DUIYUXUESHENGCHULI、CHUFENHESHENSUZHIDUJINXINGLEJIAODAPIANFUDEBUCHONG,XINZENGLEHENDUONEIRONG,XIUDINGHOUDENEIRONGGENGJIAXIANGSHI、JUTI,DUIXIANSHIXUESHENGGUANLIGONGZUOGENGJUZHIDAOXING。

  (二)程序更加健全,更具操作性

  “ZHENGDANGDEFALVCHENGXUSHIFALVQUANWEIDEBAOZHANG,TONGGUOZHENGDANGCHENGXUKEYIGUIFANQUANLIYUNZUO,FANGZHIQUANLIYUNXINGDERENYIXING,CUJINGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIGONGZUOZOUSHANGKEXUEHUA、FAZHIHUADEDAOLU。”JINGUANYUAN《GUIDING》ZHONGYIZAIQIANGDIAO“XUEXIAODUIXUESHENGDECHUFEN,YINGDANGZUODAOCHENGXUZHENGDANG”,DANYINWEISHEJIJUTICHENGXUDEGUIDING,SHIDEGEGAOXIAOZAISHIJIANZHONGNANYICAOZUO。ERXIN《GUIDING》ZEDUIXUESHENGCHULI、CHUFENHESHENSUZHIDUDEHENDUOFANGMIANZUOCHULEMINGQUEDEYAOQIU,RUDUICHUFENJUEDINGSHUDENEIRONGJISONGDAFANGSHI、DUISHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENZAICHULIXUESHENGSHENSUSHIDECHULIFANGSHIDENGJUNZUOCHULEXIANGXIDESHUOMING,GENGJIAFUHEXUESHENGGUANLISHIJI,GENGJUCAOZUOXING。

  (三)完善学生告知、申辩和申诉制度,将学生权益保护落在实处

  SHOU“ZHONGSHITI、QINGCHENGXU”DELISHICHUANTONGYINGXIANG,GAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIZHIDUZHONGCHENGXUXINGGUIFANMINGXIANLUOHOUYUSHITIXINGGUIFAN,JINXIENIANLAICHUXIANDEGAOXIAOYUXUESHENGZHIJIANDEJIUFENYEDADUOZHIXIANGYUCHENGXUWENTI。YUAN《GUIDING》SUIRANXIANGBIZHIQIANYIJINGYOULEHENDADEJINBUHEGAISHAN,DANRENGRANCUNZAI“SHITIXINGGUIFANDUO、CHENGXUXINGGUIFANSHAO”DEXIANXIANG,ZAISHIJIANZHONGNANYISHOUDAOQIESHIBAOZHANGXUESHENGQUANYIDEGONGXIAO。ERXIN《GUIDING》ZEZHEYANYUDUIXUESHENGQUANYIDEQIESHIBAOHU,DUIYUXUESHENGCHUFENGAOZHI、XUESHENGSHENBIANHESHENSUZHIDINGJINXINGLEMINGQUEHEWANSHAN,YOUQISHIXUESHENGSHENSUZHIDU,JIANGQIZHUANMENCHAIFENCHULAIZUOWEIYIZHANGLIERUQIZHONG,GENGSHITUXIANLEXIN《GUIDING》LIQIUXUESHENGQUANYIBAOHUZUIDAHUADEMUDE。

  (四)建立学生处分解除制度,彰显了教育的人文关怀和最终目的

  DUIXUESHENGJINXINGCHULI、CHUFENJINJINSHIJIAOYUDEYIZHONGGANGXINGSHOUDUAN,ERFEIJIAOYUDEZUIZHONGMUDE。XUESHENGWEIJICHUFENZAIZHIDUYUNXING、GONGNENGFAHUI、MUDEDADAOHOU,SHISHIYUZHIXIANGDUIYINGDEXUESHENGCHUFENJIECHUZHIDU,SHIDUIXUESHENGWEIJICHUFENZHIDUDEYOUYIBUCHONG。XIN《GUIDING》SHIYINGSHIDAIFAZHANBIANHUA,ZENGJIALEXUESHENGCHUFENJIECHUDEXIANGGUANNEIRONG,JIDACUJINLEGAOXIAOXUESHENGGUANLIZHIDUDEJIANQUAN,CHONGFENFAHUILEXUESHENGWEIJICHUFENGUIDINGDEYURENGONGNENGHEYURENJIAZHI,ZHANGXIANLEJIAOYUDERENWENGUANHUAIJIZUIZHONGMUDE。



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加强程序建设,完善学生处理、处分和申诉制度-中国教育新闻网