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2016“中国高等学校十大科技进展”项目评选揭晓

9h338.com 2016年12月30日  来源:教育部网站

  2016NIAN12YUE26RI,YOUJIAOYUBUKEXUEJISHUWEIYUANHUIZUZHIPINGXUANDE2016NIANDU“ZHONGGUOGAODENGXUEXIAOSHIDAKEJIJINZHAN”JINGGUOXINGSHISHENCHA、XUEBUCHUPING、XIANGMUZHONGSHENPINGXUANZHUANXIANGGONGZUODENGLIUCHENGHOUZAIJINGJIEXIAO。

  “ZHONGGUOGAODENGXUEXIAOSHIDAKEJIJINZHAN”DEPINGXUANZI1998NIANKAIZHANYILAI,ZHIJINYI19JIE,ZHEIXIANGPINGXUANHUODONGDUITISHENGGAODENGXUEXIAOKEJIDEZHENGTISHUIPING、ZENGQIANGGAOXIAODEKEJICHUANGXINNENGLIFAHUILEJIJIZUOYONG,BINGCHANSHENGLEJIAODADESHEHUIYINGXIANG,YINGDELEJIAOGAODESHENGYU。

  XIANJIANG2016NIANDURUXUANXIANGMUMINGDAN(FUHOU)YUYIGONGBU。RUXUANXIANGMUMINGDANANZHUCHIDANWEIPINYINSHUNXUPAIXU,PAIMINGBUFENXIANHOU。

2016年度“中国高等学校十大科技进展”入选项目名 

2016年度“中国高等学校十大科技进展”入选项目介绍

    一、世界首例真实稳定可控的单分子电子开关器件

  LIYONGDANFENZIGOUJIANDIANZIQIJIANDUITUPOMUQIANBANDAOTIQIJIANWEIXIAOHUAFAZHANDEPINGJINGYIYIZHONGDA。SHIXIANKEKONGDEDANFENZIDIANZIKAIGUANGONGNENGSHIYANZHENGFENZINENGFOUZUOWEIHEXINZUJIANYINGYONGDAODIANZIQIJIANZHONGDEGUANJIAN。ZISHANGGESHIJI70NIANDAIYILAI,SHEJIGOUZHUWENDINGKEKONGDEDANFENZIQIJIAN,TANSUOQIYUWEIDIANZIGONGYIDEJIANRONGXING,BINGHUODEZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDEFENZIDIANZIKAIGUAN,ZAIDANGDAINAMIDIANZIXUEYANJIUZHONGJUYOUZHONGDADEKEXUEYIYI。

  GUOXUEFENGTUANDUIWEIRAODANFENZIGUANGDIANZIXUELINGYUKAIZHANLEZHANGDA9NIANDEQIANXINZUANYANHECHIXUGONGGUAN。TAMENYUANCHUANGXINGDIFAZHANLEYISHIMOXIWEIDIANJI、TONGGUOGONGJIAJIANLIANJIEDEWENDINGDANFENZIQIJIANDEGUANJIANZHIBEIFANGFA,JIEJUELEDANFENZIQIJIANZHIBEINAN、WENDINGXINGCHADENANTI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,TONGGUOGONGNENGDAOXIANGDEFENZIGONGCHENGXUECHENGGONGDIKEFULEERFANGXIFENZIYUSHIMOXIDIANJIJIANQIANGOUHEZUOYONGDEHEXINTIAOZHANXINGWENTI,CONGERTUPOXINGDIGOUJIANLEYILEIQUANKENIDEGUANGYOUDAOHEDIANCHANGYOUDAODESHUANGMOSHIDANFENZIGUANGDIANZIQIJIAN。ZHEIXIANGYANJIUGONGZUOSHIDEZAIZHONGGUODANSHENGLESHIJIESHOULIZHENSHIWENDINGKEKONGDEDANFENZIDIANZIKAIGUANQIJIAN。ZHEIYESHIJISHINIANLAIWOGUOZAIFENZIDIANZIXUELINGYUDEKEXUEYANJIUDIYICIFABIAOZAI《Science》ZAZHISHANG。

  LUNWENYU2016NIAN6YUE17RIFABIAOZAI《Science》SHANG,SHENQINGLEFAMINGZHUANLI。ZHEIXIANGYANJIUZHENGMINGGONGNENGFENZIKEYIZUOWEIHEXINZUJIANLAIGOUJIANDIANZIHUILU,WEIJIANGGONGNENGFENZIYINGYONGDAOSHIYONGDIANZIQIJIANZHONGMAICHULEGUANJIANDEYIBU。《Science》TONGQIPEIFALEZHANGPIANZHENGMIANPINGSHU,DEDAOLEGUONEIWAITONGXINGDEGUANGFANRENKEHEGEZHONGMEITIDELIANGDIANBAODAO。

  二、发现原子核手征对称性和空间反射对称性的联立自发破缺

  DUICHENGXINGJIQIPOQUESHIJIBENDEKEXUEWENTI。SHOUZHENGDUICHENGXING(YOUCHENGSHOUXING)ZAIZIRANJIEZHONGGUANGFANCUNZAI,RUZUOYOUSHOU、HAILUOQIAO、MOUXIEHUAXUEHEYAOWUFENZIDENGDOUYOUSHOUXING。YUANZIHECENGCIDESHOUZHENGDUICHENGXINGYOUMENGJIEJIQIHEZUOZHEYU1997NIANYUYAN,HOULAIDEDAOZHENGSHI,YINQIGUANGFANGUANZHU。TANSUOYUANZIHEDESHOUZHENGDUICHENGXING,KEYIHUODEYUANZIHEXINGZHUANGJIQIYUNDONGMOSHIDENGXINXI,JUYOUZHONGYAODEKEXUEYIYI。

  BEIJINGDAXUEMENGJIEJIAOSHOULINGDAODEYANJIUTUANDUIZHANGQIZHILIYUYUANZIHESHOUZHENGDUICHENGXINGYANJIUQIECHIXUQUDEJINZHAN:2006NIANYUYANYUANZIHEDEDUOZHONGSHOUZHENGDUICHENGXING,JIFAGUOJIXIANGGUANYANJIU,TUIDONGSHIYANYANZHENGBINGDEDAOZHENGSHI;2011NIANFAXIANSHOUXINGYUANZIHEBr-80,JIANGYUANZIHESHOUZHENGDUICHENGXINGYANJIUKUOZHANDAOXINDEHEQU。2016NIAN,TONGGUOZHONGLIZIRONGHEZHENGFAFANYING,LIYONGZAISHUJIAMAFUHE、DAIDIANLIZIFUHE、XIANXINGJIHUADENGSHIYANCELIANGSHOUDUAN,ZAIYUANZIHEBr-78ZHONGFAXIANLEYUCHENGXIANGFANDELIANGDUISHOUZHENGSHUANGZHONGDAI,YIJIBIAOZHENGTAMENZHIJIANBAJIGUANLIANDEDIANOUJIYUEQIAN,JICHULESHOUZHENGDUICHENGXINGHEKONGJIANFANSHEDUICHENGXINGLIANLIZIFAPOQUEDEZHENGJU。

  YANJIUJIEGUOYU2016NIAN3YUEFABIAOZAI《WULIPINGLUNKUAIBAO》,BINGBEILINXUANWEIFENGMIANWENZHANG。ZHEISHIHEWULILINGYU,ZHONGGUOXUEZHEZAIGAIKANFABIAODESHOUPIANFENGMIANWENZHANG。GAIGONGZUOFAXIANLEMUQIANZUIQINGDESHOUXINGYUANZIHEBr-78,YIJISHOUZHENGDUICHENGXINGHEKONGJIANFANSHEDUICHENGXINGLIANLIZIFAPOQUEDEZHENGJU,SHENHUALEDUIYUANZIHEFUZAJIEGOUJIQIBIAOXIANXINGSHIDERENSHI。

  三、高效率高比冲磁聚焦霍尔推进技术

  2016NIAN11YUE3RIWOGUOKONGJIANDIANTUIJINJISHUQUDEZHONGDAJINZHAN,YOUHAERBINGONGYEDAXUEYUDAREN、JIADECHANGJIAOSHOUTUANDUIHEZHONGGUOHANGTIANKEJIJITUANGONGSIDIWUYANJIUYUANDIWULINGERYANJIUSUOLIANHEYANZHIDECIJUJIAOHUOERTUILIQIHEP-100MFCHENGGONGDAZAIZHANGZHENGWUHAOYUNZAIHUOJIANZAISHIJIANSHIQIHAOWEIXINGSHANGJINXINGLEFEIXINGYANZHENG,ZHEISHISHIJIESHOUCICIJUJIAOHUOERTUILIQISHIXIANKONGJIANYINGYONG。

  MUQIAN,GAICIJUJIAOHUOERTUILIQIYIWANCHENGLEBAOKUODIANHUO、XINGNENGBIAODING、ZHANGWENTAICESHIJIWEIXINGXITONGJIANRONGXINGDENGSUOYOUZAIGUIKAOHE,GEXIANGCANSHUJUNMANZUZHIBIAOYAOQIU,QIZHONGCIJUJIAOYUYULIUFASANJIAOKONGZHIJISHUDADAOGUOJILINGXIANSHUIPING。

  GAITUANDUILIJING14NIAN,CHONGFENFAHUIXUEKEJIAOCHADECHUANGXINYOUSHI,XIANHOUTUPOLEKUANFANWEICIJUJIAO、RE/DIAN/CIOUHESHEJI、FANGDIANDIPINZHENDANGKONGZHI、DIGONGHAOGAOKEKAOKONGXINYINJIWENDINGFANGDIAN、NAILIZIJIANSHEDANHUAPENGJITEZHONGTAOCICAILIAODENGGUANJIANJISHU,YANZHIDECIJUJIAOHUOERTUILIQIBICHONGBIGUOJIZHUMINGTONGLEICHANPINSPT-100TIGAO20%,YULIUFASANJIAOJIANXIAOLE60%,DAFUJIANGDILETUILIQIRANLIAOXIAOHAO,BINGXIANZHUJIANGDILEYULIUDUIHANGTIANQIDEYINGXIANG,WEIWOGUOXINYIDAIZHANGSHOUMINGHANGTIANPINGTAITIGONGLEJUYOUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANDEXINXINGDIANTUIJINJISHU。GAICHENGGUOJIANGWEIWOGUOXINYIDAITONGXUNWEIXING、YAOGANWEIXING、KONGJIANZHANJISHENKONGTANCETIGONGJISHUZHICHENG,SHIGUOJIDIANTUIJINJISHUFAZHANSHISHANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOLICHENGBEI。

  四、高效钙钛矿发光器件研究

  ZHAOMINGDUIYURENLEIWENMINGDEZHONGYAOXINGBUYANERYU。CONGYUANGUSHIQIDEHUOBA、ZHONGSHIJIDELAZHU,DAOJINDAIDEYOUDENG、XIANDAIDEDIANDENGHEDANGDAIDELED,RENLEIXUNZHAOXINXINGGUANGYUANDEJIAOBUCONGWEITINGXIE。DANGQIAN,ZHAOMINGXIAOHAOLEQUANQIUFADIANLIANGDE30%YISHANG,TANSUOHUANJINGYOUHAO、GAOXIAOJIENENGDEZHAOMINGXITONGYUFAZHONGYAO。YOUJIWUJIZAHUAGAITAIKUANGCAILIAOYINQIYOUYIDEFAGUANGXINGNENGHEKEDAMIANJIDICHENGBENJIAGONGDEQIANLI,ZAIZHAOMINGYUXIANSHILINGYUJUYOUGUANGKUOQIANJING。

  NANJINGGONGYEDAXUEHUANGWEIYUANSHIHEWANGJIANPUJIAOSHOULINGDAODECHUANGXINTUANDUISHIGUOJISHANGZUIZAORENSHIDAOCILEICAILIAODEFAGUANGQIANLI,BINGZHELIZHIBEIGAITAIKUANGFAGUANGERJIGUANQIJIANDETUANDUIZHIYI。2016NIAN,TAMENCHUANGZAOXINGDILIYONGRONGYEZIZUZHUANGFANGFAZHIBEILEDUOLIANGZIJINGJIEGOUDEGAITAIKUANGFAGUANGCAILIAO。GAICAILIAOBUJINBAOCHILEERWEIGAITAIKUANGCHENGMOZHILIANGGAO、WENDINGXINGHAODEYOUDIAN,ERQIEZAIBUTONGDAIXILIANGZIJINGZHIJIANKEFASHENGKUAISUDEJIETINENGLIANGZHUANYI,YOUXIAOKEFULECHANGWENXIAERWEIGAITAIKUANGJIZIYICUMIEDEQUEDIAN。ZAISHIJIESHANGSHOUCISHIXIANLEWAILIANGZIXIAOLVDA11.7%DEGAOXIAOGAITAIKUANGDIANZHIFAGUANGQIJIAN,TONGSHIQIJIANSHOUMINGJIAOSANWEIGAITAIKUANGQIJIANTIGAOLELIANGGESHULIANGJI。

  XILIECHUANGXINXINGYANJIUCHENGGUOXIANGJIFABIAOZAIGUOJIDINGJIXUESHUQIKANSHANG,BINGYISHENQINGLIANGXIANGFAMINGZHUANLI。QIZHONG,DAIBIAOXINGCHENGGUOYU2016NIAN9YUE26RIZAINature PhotonicsSHANGFABIAO,SHIQUANQIUSHOUPIANGAITAIKUANGFAGUANGQIJIANWAILIANGZIXIAOLVTUPO10%DEBAODAO,YESHIMUQIANCILEIQIJIANDESHIJIEZUIGAOXIAOLV,WEIGAITAIKUANGCAILIAOJIQIZAIFAGUANGLINGYUDEYANJIUKAITUOLEXINFANGXIANG。

  五、复杂电网自律-协同无功电压自动控制系统关键技术及应用

  DIANYASHIZHINENGDIANWANGYUNXINGDEHEXINZHIBIAO。DIANYAWENTIYICHENGWEIQUANQIULICIZHONGDATINGDIANSHIGUDEGUANJIANYOUYIN,TONGSHIYESHIDAGUIMOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANBINGWANGDEYIGEZHUYAOZHANGAI。FUZADIANWANGDIANYAKONGZHI(AVC)SHISHIJIEXINGNANTI,ZAIGAILINGYUGUOJIQUANWEI、MEIGUOYILIUDAXUEKETIZUYANJIUGEQIANHOU,MEIGUODIANWANGZHUANERXUNQIUYUGAIXIANGMUZUHEZUO。

  GAIXIANGMULIJING20YUNIAN,CHUANGZAOXINGTICHULE“ZILV+XIETONG”DEJISHULUXIAN,TUPOLEAVCCONGDANKONGZHIZHONGXINDAODUOKONGZHIZHONGXIN、CONGCHANGGUIDIANWANGDAOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANDIANWANG、CONGZHONGGUODIANWANGDAOBEIMEIDIANWANGYINGYONGZHONGDEXILIEGUANJIANNANTI,YANZHICHUZIZHUZHISHICHANQUANAVCXITONG,YIZAIWOGUO6DAQUDIANWANG、22GESHENGJIDIANWANGHE6GEQIANWANQIANWAJIFENGGUANGJIDIYINGYONG,KONGZHILEQUANGUO56%DECHANGGUIJIZUYU37%DEFENG/GUANGJIZU,ZAIZHINENGDIANWANGANQUANJINGJIYUNXINGHEDAGUIMOKEZAISHENGNENGYUANJIENADENGFANGMIANQUDELEJUDAJINGJISHEHUIXIAOYI。TONGSHI,GAIXIANGMUTUPOLEMEIGUOSANLUNYANKUDEXINXIANQUANJIANCHA,LISHI3NIANLING4GEYUE,JIEDALE3QIANYUGEXINXIANQUANWENTI,KONGZHILEBAOKUOMEIGUOSHOUDOUHEDONGBUSHISANGEZHOUDEPJMDIANWANG,SHIXIANLEMEIGUOSHOULIAVC,SHIWOGUOXIANJINDIANWANGKONGZHIXITONGSHOUCICHUKOUMEIGUO。

  YOUJIAOYUBUZUZHI、LIUWEIYUANSHILINGXIANDEJIANDINGWEIYUANHUIRENWEI:XIANGMUSHI“ZHONGDADEYUANCHUANGXINGKEYANCHENGGUO,YINLINGLEDIANLIXITONGDIANYAKONGZHILINGYUDEFAZHANYUJISHUJINBU”、“JUYOULICHENGBEIYIYI”。MEIGUONENGYUANBUGUWEN、GONGCHENGYUANYUANSHIProf. BOSERENWEIGAICHENGGUO“SHIZHONGGUOZAIDIANYAKONGZHILINGYUYAOYAOLINGXIANYUSHIJIE”。

  六、植物分枝激素独脚金内酯的感知机制

  ZHIWUFENZHISHINONGYESHENGCHANZHONGDEZHONGYAONONGYIXINGZHUANG,DUIYUZHIWUZHUXINGHEZUOWUCHANLIANGYOUZHONGYAOYINGXIANG;ZHIWUJISUDUJIAOJINNEIZHIBUJINDIAOKONGZHIWUFENZHI,HAIDIAOJIEZHIWUYUGONGSHENGZHENJUNJIJISHENGZACAODEXIANGHUZUOYONG。CHANMINGJISUGANZHIJIZHI,SHISHENGWUXUELINGYUDEZHONGDAKEXUEWENTI,DUIJIESHISHENGMINGXIANXIANGDEBENZHI、TIGAOSHENGWUDESHENGCUNHEFAZHANNENGLIJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。QIJINFAXIANDEDONGZHIWUJINGDIANJISU,DOUZUNXUN1880sNIANDAIYILAIJIESHIDE“PEITI-SHOUTI”KENISHIBIEGUILV:JISUHUOXINGFENZITONGGUOFEIGONGJIAJIANKENIDIJIEHESHOUTI,XUNHUANDICHUFAXINHAOCHUANDAOLIAN,DIAOKONGGEZHONGSHENGMINGHUODONG。

  QINGHUADAXUEXIEDAOXIN、RAOZIHEJILOUZHIYONGDENGHEZUOFAXIANLEDUJIAOJINNEIZHIDEHUOXINGFENZI、CHANMINGLEDUJIAOJINNEIZHIDESHOUTI、JIESHILEXINXINGDE“SHOUTI-PEITI”BUKENISHIBIEJIZHI:D14DANBAIZUOWEIXINXINGJISUSHOUTI,SHOUXIANCANYUHECHENGDUJIAOJINNEIZHIHUOXINGFENZICLIM,RANHOUTONGGUOGONGJIAJIANBUKENIDIJIEHECLIM、CHUFAXINHAOCHUANDAOLIAN、DIAOKONGZHIWUFENZHI,ZUIZHONGSHUIJIECLIM、SHIFANGMEIYOUHUOXINGDEFENZI。

  GAIGONGZUOYU2016NIAN8YUEFABIAOZAI《Nature》SHANG。《Nature》、《Science Signaling》HE《Science China Life Sciences》FABIAOZHUANWENGAODUPINGJIAGAIGONGZUO,XINFAXIANDE“SHOUTI-PEITI”BUKENISHIBIEJIZHIBUTONGYUBAINIANYANJIULICHENGSUOJIANLIDE“PEITI-SHOUTI”KENISHIBIEJIZHI,SHISHENGMINGKEXUELINGYUJISUYANJIUDEZHONGDATUPO,JUYOUZHONGDAKEXUEYIYI。GAIYANJIUKEWEIZUOWUZHUXINGGAILIANGHEJISHENGZACAOFANGZHITIGONGLILUNZHIDAO,JUYOUQIANZAIYINGYONGQIANJING。

  七、肌肉兴奋-收缩偶联的分子机理探索

  JIROUXINGFENSHOUSUOOULIAN(Excitation-contraction coupling, E-C coupling)ZHIDESHIJIROUJIESHOUSHENJINGXINHAOFASHENGSHOUSUODEGUOCHENG,SHIDONGWUZUIJIBENDESHENGLIGUOCHENGZHIYI。GAIGUOCHENGSHEJIDAOLIANGLEIZHONGYAODEGAILIZITONGDAO,FENBIESHIWEIYUXIBAOMOSHANGDEDIANYAMENKONGGAILIZITONGDAOCavHEWEIYUJIZHIWANGMOSHANGDELANNIJIANSHOUTIRyR。CavBEIXIBAOMODEDONGZUODIANWEIJIHUO,JINYIBUYOUDAOXIAYOURyRDEJIHUOKAIFANG,CONGERYINFAGAILIZIDALIANGKUAISUCONGJIZHIWANGSHIFANGZHIXIBAOZHI,JINERYINQIJIROUDESHOUSUO。CavDEGONGNENGYICHANGHUIDAOZHIXINLVWENLUAN、DIANXIANDENGJIBING;RyRDEYICHANGZEHUIDAOZHIJIZHONGYANGZHOUKONGBINGDENGJIBING。YINCI,TAMENSHIZHONGYAODEYAOWUBADIAN,QIJIEGOUDEJIEXIGONGZUOJUYOUZHONGYAODESHENGLIXUEHEYAOLIXUEYIYI。

  YANNINGYANJIUZULIYONGQIANYANDEDANKELILENGDONGDIANJINGJISHU,ZAISHIJIESHANGSHOUCIJIEXILEGUGEJIZHONGRyR1HECav1.1YIJIXINJIZHONGRyR2DEJINYUANZIFENBIANLVJIEGOU,ZHEIYIXILIETUPOWEILIJIEJIROUXINGFENSHOUSUOOULIANGUOCHENGTIGONGLEGUANJIANDEJIEGOUJICHU。YOUWEIZHIDEYITIDESHI,Cav1.1XISHOUGEZHENHEDIANYAMENKONGGAILIZITONGDAODEJIEGOU,CICHENGGUOBEISHOUZHUMU,BUJINWEILIJIEYUDUOZHONGJIBINGXIANGGUANDEDIANYAMENKONGGAILIZITONGDAOHENALIZITONGDAODEGONGNENGHEJILITIGONGLEFENZIJICHU,YEWEIJIYUJIEGOUDEYAOWUYANFATIGONGLELILUNZHIDAO。

  XIANGGUANCHENGGUOGONGFABIAO5PIANGAOSHUIPINGLUNWEN。QIZHONGCav1.1XIANGGUANGONGZUOYU2015NIAN12YUE18RIHE2016NIAN9YUE8RIFENBIEZAIScienceHENatureFABIAO;RyR1XIANGGUANGONGZUOYU2015NIAN1YUE1RIHE2016NIAN7YUE29RIFABIAOZAINatureHECell Research;RyR2GONGZUOYU2016NIAN10YUE21RIZAIScienceFABIAO。

  八、亚洲季风的变化规律及其与全球气候变化的关系

  XIANJIAOTONGDAXUEQUANQIUBIANHUAYANJIUYUANCHENGHAITUANDUIZAIGUOJIHEZUODEJICHUSHANGFAZHANLEGUOJIXIANJINSHUIPINGDEYOUXIZHIPUCELIANGJISHU(BAOKUOTIGAO 230ThHE234UBANSHUAIQIDEJINGZHUNDU),ZAICIJICHUSHANGFENBIEJIANLILESHIJIEZUIZHANGCHIDUDEDONGYAJIFENG(64WANNIAN)、YINDUJIFENG(28WANNIAN)、NANMEIJIFENG(25WANNIAN)HEZHONGYA?ZHONGGUOXIBUXIFENGDAI(13.5HE50WANNIAN)DEGAOJINGDUGAOFENBIANLVSHISUNTONGWEISUJILU、JIQIYUQUANQIUQIHOUBIANHUAZHIJIANDEXIANGGUANGUANXI,WEIQUANQIUQIHOUBIANHUAYANJIUTIGONGLEZHONGYAODESHIJIANBIAOCHI。TEBIESHIYU2016NIAN6YUEZAI《Nature》SHANGYIArticleXINGSHIFABIAO“64WANNIANYILAIDEYAZHOUJIFENGJILUYUBINGQIZHONGZHI”DELUNWEN,TONGGUOJIANLIJUYOUJINGQUEDEJUEDUINIANDAIKONGZHIDESHISUNTONGWEISUJILU、JIQIYUHAIYANGHEBINGXINJILUDEDUIBIGUANXI,JINYIBUJIESHILE10WANNIANDEBINGQI?JIANBINGQIXUNHUANSHI4?5GESUICHAZHOUQIDEPINGJUN;FAXIANQUCHUTAIYANGFUSHEYINGXIANGHOUDEYAGUIDAOCHIDUSHISUNQIHOUBIANHUAXULIEYUQUQUSHIHOUDENANJIWENDUJILUCHENGJINGZHIDEFANXIANGGUANGUANXI,BINGQIELIANGZHEDEYAGUIDAOCHIDUBIANHUADOUJUYOUBIDIQIUPIANXINLVZHOUQIGENGQIANGDESUICHAHEQINGJIAOZHOUQI;JIEHESHENRUJIEXIGUOQU64WANNIANYILAIBUTONGFUDUQIANNIANQIHOUSHIJIAN(BAOKUOBINGQIZHONGZHISHIJIAN)ZHIJIANDENEIZAIXIANGSIXING,JINYIBUHUIDALE“100ka problem”ZHEIYIJINGDIANKEXUEWENTI。CONGYIDINGYIYISHANGJIANG,SHANGSHUGONGZUOWEIDONGXUECHENJICHENGWEIGUQIHOUBIANHUAYANJIULINGYUDE‘DISIDAZHIZHU’、YIJIWOGUOSHISUNGUQIHOUYANJIUZAIGUOJISHANGQUDELINGXIANDIWEIZUOCHULEZHONGYAOGONGXIAN。

  九、脑机融合的混合智能理论与方法

  DANGTIANSHENG“RUOSHI”DEDASHUTONGGUONAOJITONGXUN“JIAJIE”SHANGJIQISHIJUE,TAJIURUKANDONGLELUBIAO,ZAIMIGONGLILISHIBIELUBIAOYANLUCHENGGONGZHAODAOMUBIAOWU;DANGYIZHIHOUZIXIANGHEYIKOUMIANQIANDEYINLIAO,TAKEYITONGGUO“YINIAN”KONGZHIYUANCHUDEJIXIESHOUZUOCHUZHUA、GOU、WO、NIESIZHONGSHOUSHI,WANCHENGBUTONGDERENWU。ZHEIYIXIECHONGMANKEHUANSECAIDE“BUKENENG”,ZHENGZAIZHEJIANGDAXUEDESHIYANSHICHENGWEIXIANSHI。

  ZAIGUOJIA973JIHUA、GUOJIAJIJINWEIZHONGDIANXIANGMUDENGZHICHIXIA,ZHEJIANGDAXUEWUCHAOHUI、ZHENGXIAOXIANGJIAOSHOULVLINGDETUANDUIWEIRAONAOJIRONGHEWENTIQIANXINYANJIUSHIYUNIAN,ZAIGUOJISHANGLVXIANTICHU“HUNHEZHINENG”DEYANJIUFANSHI——SHENGWUZHINENGYUJIQIZHINENGDERONGHE,XINGCHENGLEYIXILIETUPOLILUNYUCHUANGXINJISHU。YANJIUTUANDUIRENWEI,JIANGSHENGWUZISHENDEGANRENZHINENGLIYUJIQIDEJISUANNENGLISHENDUJIEHE,YOUWANGCHANSHENGCHAOYUEXIANYOUXITONGDEGENGQIANGZHINENGXINGTAI。ZHEIYITANSUOZAICANZHANGKANGFU、QIANGXIANJIUZAI、GUOFANGANBAODENGGUANXIDAOGUOJIMINSHENGHEGUOFANGANQUANDENGLINGYUJUYOUZHONGDAYINGYONGQIANJING。

  MUQIAN,TUANDUIZAIGUOJISHANGSHOUCISHIXIANJIANGJISUANJIDETINGSHIJUESHIBIENENGLI“JIAJIE”DAOSHENGWUTISHANG,GOUJIANLETINGSHIJUEZENGQIANGDEDASHUJIQIREN;ZAIGUONEISHOULISHIXIANRENYINIANKONGZHIJIXIESHOU,WANCHENG“SHITOU-JIANDAO-BU”CAIQUANYOUXI;SHIXIANLEYONGJIQIZHINENGZENGQIANGDASHUZISHENDEXUEXINENGLI,HUIDALENAOJIRONGHESHIFOUNENGSHISHENGWUTIHUODEXUEXIZENGQIANGDEYIWEN。MIANDUIRENLEIJIBING,YANJIUTUANDUIHAISHIXIANLEDONGWUPINGTAIDE“DIANXIANYUCE-DIANCIJIYIZHI”NAOJIHUSHIYINGRONGHEJIZHI。BUFENCHENGGUOHAISHIXIANLECHUBUZHUANHUA,CHENGGONGKAIFALERUOGANSHENJINGKANGFUSHEBEI,BINGYONGYULINCHUANGSHIYAN。

  十、肝癌肝移植新型分子分层体系研究

  WOGUOSHIBINGDUXINGGANYANHEGANAIDEGAOFAGUOJIA,QIZHONGYIGANBINGDUXIEDAIZHEYUE9000WAN,MEINIANXINFAGANAI40YUWAN,ZHANQUANQIUXINFAGANAIBINGLIDE55%,YANZHONGWEIHAIGUOMINJIANKANG。GANYIZHISHIZHILIAOGANAIDENGZHONGMOQIGANBINGDEZUIYOUXIAOSHOUDUAN。

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2016“中国高等学校十大科技进展”项目评选揭晓-中国教育新闻网